Hindi-Urdu songs: 1951

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Songs influenced by raags

1951: Shankar Jaikishan made their debut in 1949. By 1951 they were already so successful that they had the confidence to give Taal Keherwã a twist unique to their music. Mr Da Ranade informs us that their brand of the taal came to be called the Dattaram Thékã Keherwã, after SJ’s celebrated assistant, Dattaram, who obviouslydid the actual tabla playing. Ghar aaya mera pardesi from Awara was perhaps the first song to use this variant of Taal Keherwã. Other SJ songs that followed in this vein included Méra joota hai Japani, Pyãr hua iqrãr hua, and Masti bhara hai. ("Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries," page 268)

1951: The song Qismat bigadi from the film Afsana (1951) has been influenced by Raag Darbãrî. But, as Mr Ranade observes, ‘while adopting the traditional sad tone of Darbãrî, they however omit the sorrowful note of Komal Dhaivat from the raga!’ ("Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries," page 236) (Mr Hamraaz’ books say that Afsana was rleased in 1951; Mr Ranade puts the year at 1950.)

42 significant Hindi-Urdu songs from 1951

Song

Film

Music

Lyrics

Singer(s)

Qismat bigarhi duniya badli  (Raag Darbãrî)

Afsana

Husnalal Bhagatram

Asad Bhopali

Mukesh

Woh paas bhi reh kar paas naheen

Afsana

Husnalal Bhagatram

Asad Bhopali

Lata Mangeshkar

Dheeré aa akhiyan mein nindiya (Raag Pîloo/ Taal Dãdrã)

Albela

C. Ramachandra

Rajinder Krishan

Lata Mangeshkar

Hasînoñ muhabbat

Albela

C. Ramachandra

Rajinder Krishan 

Chitalkar

Sham dhale khidaki tale  (Raag Pahãrhi/ Taal Dãdrã)

Albela

C. Ramchandra

Rajinder Krishan 

C. Ramchandra, Lata Mangeshkar

Shola jo bhadke

Albela

C. Ramachandra

Rajinder Krishan 

Lata Mangeshkar, Chitalkar, etc.

Prabhu charanon mein aaya pujari jeevan bheiñT charhãné (Raag  Shri/ Taal  Keherwã)

Andolan

Pannalal Ghosh

Indeewar

Parul Ghosh

Awara hooñ (Raag Bhairavi/ Taal Keherwã)

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan 

Shailendra

Mukesh

Dam bhar jo udhar munh pherey

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan

Shailendra

Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh

Ghar aaya mera pardési (Raag Bhairavi / Taal Keherwã)

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan

Shailendra

Lata Mangeshkar

Hum tujh se muhabbat kar kay sanam (Raag Darbãri Kãnarhã/ Taal Keherwã)

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan

Hasrat Jaipuri 

Mukesh

Naiya teri mañjhdhãr, hoshiyar

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan

Shailendra

Mohammed Rafi

Teré binã aag yeh chãñdni

Awara

Shankar-Jaikishan

Shailendra

Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey

Aaj ki raat piya dil na torho, man ki baat piya maan lo  (Raag Pahãrhi/ Taal Dãdrã)

Baazi

Sachin Dev Burman

Sahir Ludhianvi

Geeta Dutt

Suno gajar kya gãyé

Baazi

Sachin Dev Burman

Sahir Ludhianvi 

Geeta Dutt

Tadbeer bigdi hui taqdeer

Baazi

Sachin Dev Burman

Sahir Ludhianvi 

Geeta Dutt

Qusoor aap , huzoor aap

Bahar

Sachin Dev Burman

Rajinder Krishan 

Kishore Kumar/ Shamshad Begum

Ansoo thi meri zindagi 

Bikhre Moti

Ghulam Mohammed

Akhtar ul Iman

Amirbai Kamataki, Mohd. Rafi

Jhan jhan jhan jhan payal baje, kaise jãooñ pee se milan (Raag NaT Bihãg/ Teen Taal, Keherwã)

Buzdil

S.D. Burman

Shailendra

Lata Mangeshkar

Bachpan din bhula na dena

Deedar

Naushad

Shakeel Badayuni

Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum

Meri kahani bhoolné wãlé tera jahãn ãbãd rahe, teri khushi par..  (Raag Tilang/ Taal Keherwã)

Deedar

Naushad

Shakeel Badayuni

Mohammed Rafi

Bas chupke hi chupke se

Ek Nazar

Sachin Dev Burman

Rajinder Krishan 

Geeta Dutt

Aaj ere naseebmujh ko rula diya

Hulchul

Sajjad Hussain

Khumar Barabankvi

Lata Mangeshkar

Apni nazar unki  nazar tak

Hum Log

Roshan

Adil, Udhav

Mukesh

O madhur milan hai sajna 

Kali Ghata

Shankar-Jaikishan 

Hasrat Jaipuri 

Lata Mangeshkar, Mohd. Rafi

Bãbdi, boobdi, bãbdi, bam

Khazana

C. Ramachandra 

Rajinder Krishan 

Lata Mangeshkar, Chitalkar

Meri yaad mein tum na aañsoo bahãna (Raag Jaunpuri/ Taal Keherwã)

Madhosh

Madan Mohan

Raja Mehdi Ali Khan

Talat Mehmood

Badé armanon se

Malhar

Roshan

Indeewar

Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh

Garjat barsat bheejat ãîlo  (Raag Gaur Malhar/ Teen Taal)

Malhar

Roshan

Traditional

Lata Mangeshkar

Kahãñ ho tum

Malhar

Roshan

Kaif Irfani

Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh

Parwãné, ho parwãné

Nazneen

Ghulam Mohammed

Shakeel Badayuni

Lata Mangeshkar

Mast chandni jhoom rahi hai 

Pyar Ki Baten

Bhola Shreshtha

Manohar Khanna

Geeta Roy, Mukesh

Raasté hum khadé hain 

Rajput

Hansraj Behl

Kaif Irfani

Suraiya

Khayãloñ meiñ tum ho

Saiyaan

Sajjad Hussain

Hasrat Jaipuri 

Lata Mangeshkar

Tumheiñ dil diyã

Saiyaan

Sajjad Hussain

D.N. Madhok

Lata Mangeshkar

Amma roTi , bãbã  roTi (Raag Bhairav/ Taal Keherwã)

Sansar

Emani Shankar Sastry, M.D. Parthasarathy, B.S. Kalla

Pt. Indra

Lata Mangeshkar

Pyarã hamara Munna, nainoñ tara  (Raag  Briñdãvani Sãrañg/ Jhap Taal)

Sansar

Emani Shankar Sastry, M.D. Parthasarathy, B.S. Kalla

Pt. Indra

Lata Mangeshkar

Chinchpokali, Chinchapokali, mi changla, tu changli

Shabistan

C. Ramachandra

Qamar Jalalabadi

Shamshad Begun, Madan Mohan

Dum todté haiñ armãñ (hint of Raag Bhairavi)

Shagun

Husnalal Bhagatram

Mulk Raj Bhakri

Mohammed Rafi

Sapna ban sãjan ayé (Soi kaliyãn hañs parhi) (Raag KalyãN/ Taal Keherwã)

Shokhiyaan

Jamal Sen

Kedar Sharma

Lata Mangeshkar

Raaton ki neend chhîn li

Shokhiyan

Jamaal Sen

Kedar Sharma

Suraiya

Seené meiñ sulagté haiñ armaañ (Raag KalyãN/ Taal Keherwã)

Tarana

Anil Biswas

Prem Dhawan

Lata Mangeshkar, Talat Mehmood

 

How these particular songs were chosen

India’s first—and Hindi-Urdu music’s only durable—hit parade began in 1954. Its creator, Binaca Geet Mala, issued annual lists for 1952 and 1953 as well. However, songs had been introduced in Hindi-Urdu films as early as in 1931, indeed, with India’s first talking film.

Which were the most popular Hindi-Urdu songs between 1931 and 1951? The internationally accepted way of finding out is to go through contemporary as well as later articles to see which songs were mentioned (‘cited’) most often.

Indpaedia’s volunteers spent almost 21 man-months combing through all sources that mentioned songs from the years not covered by Binaca Geet Mala. Around one-third of this time was spent sifting through and analysing fifteen sources that covered the period 1931-53. These included YouTube playlists, three encylopaedias of Hindi-Urdu songs and a scholarly history of Hindi-Urdu film music. Because very few songs were mentioned ‘often,’ the volunteers noted down every song that was mentioned at all. Less than half a dozen songs were omitted because they did not exist either on Saregama’s website, the Geet Kosh, YouTube or Hindi Geet Mala. Every song was cross-checked with at least one of these sites.

For more details please see Hindi-Urdu songs: methodology.

Annual lists for the years 1931-51 have been arranged in the alphabetical order, because no one knows the order of their popularity. However, this can be done.

The Indpaedia community will be grateful if some volunteer(s) check out on YouTube the songs mentioned on this page and rank them according to the number of times each song has been played. (Most, but not all, of these songs are on YouTube.) This contribution will be gratefully acknowledged in the volunteer’s name.

Raags in songs

Few film songs that have a root in Indian classical music remain faithful to a raag throughout their length. Indpaedia volunteers have sometimes mentioned raags even when there is merely a hint of that raag in a song. (‘Raag’ is frequently spelt ‘raga,’ while ‘taal’ is also spelt ‘tal.’)

Wherever a taal has been mentioned, it is the one verified by ChandraKantha.com, and sometimes the raags, too.

See also

For lists of popular songs

If the song that you are looking for has not been listed under one particular year, please look up the next year’s charts as well. This is especially true of Binaca/ Cibaca’s annual charts, which would carry songs released in the last months of a year into the following year’s charts.

Hindi-Urdu songs: An introduction <> Hindi-Urdu songs: methodology <> Hindi-Urdu songs: sources and abbreviations <> Hindi-Urdu songs, 1931-49: years not known

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1931 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1932 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1933 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1934

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1935 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1936 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1937 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1938 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1939

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1940 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1941 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1942 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1943 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1944

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1945 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1946 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1947 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1948 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1949

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1950 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1951 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1952 Binaca Geet Mala: History and trivia Binaca Geet Mala 1953: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1954: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1955: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1956: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1957: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1958: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1959: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1960: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1961: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1962: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1963: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1964: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1965: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1966: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1967: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1968: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1969: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1970: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1971: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1972: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1973: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1974: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1975: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1976: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1977: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1978: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1979: annual list

Binaca Geet Mala 1980: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1981: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1982: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1983: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1984: annual list

Binaca Geet Mala 1985: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1986: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1987: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1988: annual list Cibaca Sangeet Mala 1989: annual list

Cibaca Sangeet Mala 1990: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1991: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1992: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1993: annual list Hindi-Urdu songs: 1994

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1995 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1996 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1997 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1998 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1999

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2000 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2001 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2002 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2003 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2004

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2005 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2006 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2007 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2008 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2009

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2010 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2011 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2012 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2013 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2014

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2015

For lists of popular Hindi-Urdu films

Indpaedia has lists of the highest grossing films of all individual years (and some decades) from Hindi-Urdu films: 1940 to the present.

Records for the 1930s are non-existent but you may still want to read:

Hindi-Urdu films: 1931 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1932 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1938 <>Hindi-Urdu films: 1939

Below are sample links, one from each decade. Links to all individual years (and some decades) will be found at the bottom of every page in the Hindi-Urdu films series.

Hindi-Urdu films: 1941 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1950 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1968 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1977 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1986 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1995 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 2004 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 2013 <>

For raags and taals

Raags/ ragas and Thaats: Hindustani

Taal/ tãl: Hindustani

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