Indian universities: national ranking
This is a collection of articles archived for the excellence of their content.
Some universities in India, brief profile
Some universities in India, brief profile
Institutions of Eminence
2019: 10 varsities qualify
The ministry of human resource development issued orders to five public universities conveying their declaration as Institutions of Eminence (IoE). Moreover, letter of intent (LoI) has also been sent to five private universities for the IoE status. The government has issued the orders based on the advice of the UGC and the empowered expert committee which recommended granting eminence status to these institutions on August 2.
Earlier, in the first round in 2018 six institutions were granted the status of IoE. The new additions to the IoE lists are IIT-Madras, Banaras Hindu University, IITKharagpur, University of Delhi and University of Hyderabad. In addition, LoIs were issued to five private universities for accepting and sending their preparedness for being declared as IoE. For Shiv Nadar University, UP, and O P Jindal University, Haryana, letters were issued to the states to pass legislation to cease their status as private universities so as to enable them to be considered as IoE Deemed Universities.
2021: some disqualified
After Anna University, two more universities — Kolkata’s Jadavpur University and Delhi’s Jamia Hamdard—are to be dropped from the list of 20 Institutions of Eminence (IoE). The decision was taken at the last University Grants Commission’s meeting in July as the West Bengal government failed to communicate its funding commitment and due to “management issues” at Jamia Hamdard.
As per the minutes of the meeting held on July 1, 2021, the recommendations of the empowered expert committee (EEC) to release Jadavpur University and Jamia Hamdard were to be be “forwarded to the ministry of education for further necessary action/ direction.”
The IoE scheme was rolled out to empower 20 higher educational institutions (HEIs) to help them become world class teaching and research institutions by the UGC in 2017. As of April 2021, 12 HEIs have already been issued the tag of IoE. The IoEs are granted more administrative and academic autonomy which include deciding on fee structure, open offshore campuses, and collaboration opportunities with universities. The government run institutions are granted up to Rs 1,000 crore, while no funding is being awarded to private institutions.
1997-2017, universities in India, rank-wise
Universities in India, rank-wise, 1997-2017
2016: Ministry of Human Resource Development
The Times of India, Apr 05 2016
South Indian institutes dominate govt's higher education rankings
TOP TEN UNIVERSITIES
1. Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
2. Indian Institute of Technology Madras
3. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
4. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
5. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
6. Jawaharlal Nehru University
7. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
8. Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
9. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
10. Banaras Hindu University
Indian Institute of Science (IIS) has again bagged the top position in the latest NIRF ranking.
According to the MHRD data, IIS has scored much better than the IIT (Madras) and IIT (Bombay).
Delhi's JNU has claimed 6th position in the list
Higher education institutes from south India have topped streams across engineering, management, pharmacy and universities, the first such ranking by the ministry of human resource development has revealed. Also, government-run institutions dominate the list across streams despite the fact that private institutions showed greater enthusiasm in participating in the ranking process.
Four universities -Jawaharlal Nehru University , University of Hyderabad, Visva Bharati and Aligarh Muslim University -in the news for the last few months have all made it to the list of Top 25 universities. JNU is at three, UH at four, AMU at 10 and Visva Bharati at 11. Strangely , Panjab University , Chandigarh that a few years ago was among the top 2% universities in the world and best in India is ranked 12th. i i National Institutional Ranking Framework designed by a 16-member core team and involving various agencies like National Board of Accreditation, All India Council for Technical Education, University Grants Commission and others was done after data from 1,438 engineering colleges, 609 management institutions, 454 pharmacy colleges and 233 universities was unveiled by HRD minister Smriti Irani.
IIT, Madras tops the list of engineering colleges, IIM, Bangalore is the best among management insti tutes, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences is the number one pharmacy institute and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore is the top ranked university .
In engineering category , top 11slots have been taken by IITs, including new ones like Patna, Ropar, Gandhinagar, and Hyderabad. Only two fully private engineering colleges -BIT Ranchi (rank 17) and Vellore Institute of Technology (rank 13) are in the list of 25. Government-run or funded engineering colleges rule the ranking.
In the management category , IIMs dominate the ran kings from one to six. IIM, Ahmedabad is at second rank.Again, as in the case of IITs, new IIMs like the one in Udaipur have made it to a higher rank than the IIMs which are a little older.
Private institutions have a more robust presence in the management category .Thiagrajar School of Management, Madurai (rank 15), SP Jain Institute of Management, Mumbai (rank 16), Vellore Institute of Technology (rank 17), Fore School of Management (rank 23) and Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, Delhi (rank 24) and Birla Institute of Technology (rank 25) appear in the list.
Among universities, Institute of Chemical Technology established in 1933 by the University of Mumbai and made a deemed university in 2008 is second followed by JNU, HU and Tezpur University . Delhi University is at number six, Banaras Hindu University at seven.Private universities like BITS, Pilani (rank 9), Bharatihar University (rank 14), Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore (rank 19) and Guru Jambeshwar University of Science & Technology, Hissar is ranked 24.
Dyal Singh, ARSD in top 10 despite poor peer perception
Lesser-known institutions like Dyal Singh and Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma stood out in the HRD ministry's ranking of `top 10' colleges. They have fared exceptionally well in teaching, learning and resources (TLR) index despite a below average peer or public perception score.
For instance, Dyal Singh College, which had a peer perception score of 17%, has earned the highest TLR at 87%.The average perception score of the 10 colleges is 36.05%. Miranda House, the top-most college according to the ministry ranking, has been awarded a TLR of 75%. On the fifth position, ARSD has been awarded a TLR of 74% despite a perception score of 0.21%.
The staff and the administrations of these institutions deem the rankings justified.According to the principals of Dyal Singh and ARSD colleges, their research-oriented curriculum motivates the students of arts and sciences to apply for higher studies.
“We have state-of-the-art infrastructure and adopted a research and innovation-orien ted study mechanism, which motivates undergraduates to take up further studies and research in their respective field,“ said Gyantosh K Jha, principal, ARSD College.
Dyal Singh College principal Inderjeet Singh Bakshi gives credit to the faculty for giving more importance to research, which helped them secure the highest percentage of TLR. He highlighted that the high cut-off percentage of the college has ensured that the college gets the best quality of students from across the country . Both the colleges have been given grants by Delhi University to carry out research programmes.
“ARSD has received nearly Rs 2 crore under the `STAR innovation research project' funded by Delhi University .The college also runs a tech nology-business incubator on its campus,“ said Rajeev Singh, a chemistry teacher at ARSD, which has secured the fifth rank in the top-10 list.“More than 200 students have benefited from the university grants and each project costs anywhere between Rs 10 and Rs 40 lakh.“
Science faculty members from both the colleges said nearly 50% of their undergraduate class choose to undertake research work in the future or appear in competitive exams.What's more, the two colleges have secured a high score of `outreach and inclusivity' (OI).The faculty of ARSD proudly defends the score since it is the only college to host an annual Northeast cultural festival--Rainbow Fest.
How the colleges, universities were ranked
Some universities in India, brief profile
11 Varsities Face Audit For Academic, Research Quality
The government suspects that some of the country's most prestigious universities are underperforming and has, hence, asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to audit them for academic and research quality .
The Union ministry of HRD has identified a number of “nonperforming“ centrally funded institutions, and of these, 11will undergo the audit, according to a senior ministry official.
Aligarh Muslim University , Allahabad University , Pondicherry University and Central University of Jammu are among the 11 universities to undergoaudit. The other seven varsities are Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University , Central University of Jharkhand, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University at Lucknow, Central University of Rajasthan, Dr Hari Singh Gour University at Sagar, Tripura University and Mahatma Gandhi Antarashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya.
“The list has been forwarded and UGC has been asked to conduct the audit as soon as possible.No specific time frame has been set. The UGC will first set the criteria for the audit and then the process will commence. The broad mandate of the audit is to assess academic quality , research activities and research output,“ said the official.
A three-member team has been constituted to monitor the audit. According to UGC sources, the audit will include output and quality of research, students' results, and placement records wherever applicable.
The team is also working on other criteria and is likely to apprise the ministry about them.
“There is an urgent need to look at the universities and their performance. Academic and research quality at the universities reflect the quality of education in the country . There will be various other factors, such as frequency of review of courses, new courses, and how relevant current campus research is, which will be taken in to account,“ said a senior UGC official. “The idea is to find out if the return on investment is being justified and whether students are getting the kind of education for which they come to these universities,“he added.
Sources said there are likely to be more “non-performing universities“ and the audit could be extended once they were identified.“The audit is likely to start by the end of March, or in April 2017 and will end depending on how much time will be needed,“ he said.
India’s best: Govt rankings
IIT-Madras retained its top position in the overall category among educational institutions in India with IISc Bangalore and IITDelhi bagging the second and third spots in the National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 announced by the HRD ministry on Thursday. The top three universities in the annual rankings are IISc Bangalore, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and Banaras Hindu University.
Delhi University’s Miranda House continues to top the list in the overall category of colleges for the fourth consecutive year ever since the category was introduced in 2017. In all, 12 DU colleges feature in top 20 with Lady Shri Ram (LSR) College occupying the second slot. Seven IITs are among the top 10 higher education institutions in the country.
In the medical category, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, remains on top. IIM-Ahmedabad has been ranked as the top B-School in the country, followed by IIM Bangalore and Calcutta.
In the overall category, the top six institutions retained their positions while IIT-Guwahati moved up by two positions to 7th rank this year.
It is for the 5th consecutive time that IIT-Madras maintained its top position in the engineering category ever since the rankings were introduced. The institutions are ranked on the basis of five parameters — teaching, learning and resources; research and professional practice; graduation outcomes; outreach and inclusivity; and peer perception.
QS Top Universities: India
The data is in the following order
Rank University Overall Score
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) Mumbai,India 88.5
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore,India 84.7
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD) New Delhi,India 82.2
Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) Chennai,India 81.2
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKGP) Kharagpur,India 77.9
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK) Kanpur,India 75.1
University of Delhi New Delhi,India 65.8
University of Hyderabad Hyderabad,India 65.7
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR) Roorkee,India 64.5
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG) Guwahati,India 62.8
University of Calcutta Kolkata,India 54.2
Jadavpur University Kolkata,India 52.9
Indian Institute of Technology Indore Indore,India 50.2
Savitribai Phule Pune University Pune,India 48.6
Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad Sangareddy,India 48.5
Anna University Chennai,India 47.2
University of Mumbai Mumbai,India 45.8
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani Pilani,India 45.7
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi,India 45
Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar,India 44.3
Jamia Millia Islamia India 43.3
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai India 43.2
Symbiosis International (Deemed University) Pune,India 43
Alagappa Univeristy India 41.8
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar India 41.5
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India Manipal,India 40.6
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli,India 39.4
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Vellore,India 38.6
National Institute of Technology Rourkela Rourkela,India 37.8
Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology Patiala,India 37.7
Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh,India 37.6
JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research Mysore,India4QS Stars 37.6
OSMANIA UNIVERSITY Hyderabad,India 37.5
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Pudukkottai,India 36.7
Tezpur University Tezpur,India 36.5
Indian Institute of Technology Patna Patna,India 36
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar India 35.8
Bangalore University Bangalore,India 35.6
Annamalai University Chidambaram,India 35.3
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad India 34.9
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Amritapuri,India 34.2 Get in touch =41
Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi New Delhi,India 34.2
Amity University Noida,India 33.4
SRI VENKATESWARA UNIVERSITY Tirupati,India 33
University of Calicut Kerala,India 32.3
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES), DHANBAD Dhanbad ,India 32.2
ANDHRA UNIVERSITY Visakhapatnam,India 31.7
Mangalore University Mangalore,India 31.6
University of Kerala Thiruvananthapuram,India 31
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University) India 31
Panjab University Chandigarh,India
Pondicherry University Puducherry,India
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University) Chennai,India4QS Stars
Cochin University of Science and Technology Kochi,India
Dr. Harisingh Gour University (University of Sagar), Sagar India
O.P. Jindal Global University Sonipat,India
University of Kashmir, Srinagar India
University of Mysore India
Jamia Hamdard New Delhi,India
Nitte University Mangalore,India
SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Chennai,India4QS Stars
Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar India
National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal Mangalore,India
Shiva ji University, Kolhapur India
Goa University India
Kavayitri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon India
Sri Krishnadevaraya University Anantapur,India
SASTRA Deemed University Thanjavur,India
KLE ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH Belgaum,India
KALINGA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY (KIIT) UNIVERSITY Bhubaneswar,India
Saurashtra University Rajkot,India
Gauhati University, Guwahati India
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amristar India
Banasthali Vidyapith Jaipur,India4QS Stars
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur, Ananthapuramu Anantapur,India
University of Jammu India
The ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education Hyderabad,India
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara India
Gulbarga University, Gulbarga India
Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur India
CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru Bangalore,India
Kumaun University Nainital,India
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai Chennai,India3QS Stars
Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (Deemed to be University) Guntur,India
Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune India
B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science & Technology Chennai,India4QS Stars
West Bengal University of Technology Kolkata,India
Jiwaji University, Gwalior India
Madurai Kamaraj University Madurai,India
University of Allahabad Prayagraj,India
Jain (Deemed to be University) India
Karnatak University, Dharwad India
The University of Burdwan Bardhaman,India
Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta India
Ranchi University India
Himachal Pradesh University India
University of Kalyani Kalyani,India
SNDT Women\'s University India
Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University Gorakhpur,India
The University of North Bengal Siliguri,India
Delhi-based institutes fared well in the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) rankings-2020 which was released on Thursday. While Delhi University and Jamia Millia Islamia improved their overall rankings, DU’s Miranda House college was adjudged the best college for the fourth time in a row. Lady Shri Ram College grabbed the second spot. As many as 12 DU colleges are in the list of top 20 best colleges.
Delhi has seven of its institutes in the top 200 of the engineering category and seven institutes in the top 75 in the management category. Three local institutes are in the top 20 among law institutes with NLU-D at the second position and six in the top 40 medical category with AIIMS at the top. Jamia Hamdard got the top rank among pharmacy colleges and Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences in the dental institute category.
Jamia is now at the 10th position in the universities category, improving its position from the 12th rank. In ‘overall category,’ it has been placed at 16th position. Vice-chancellor Najma Akhtar said: “The achievement is all the more significant because of the challenging time the university has faced recently and also in the light of increased competition in the ranking.”
“It was possible because of the relevant and focused research of highest quality and teaching by our dedicated and devoted faculty members,” Akhtar added.
JNU grabbed the second position, yet again. “We consistently maintained this rank during the last four years. Credit goes to all the faculty, staff and students who worked hard to achieve this,” JNU VC M Jagadesh Kumar said in a statement.
Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi retained its third position in the overall rankings. In the engineering category, it secured the second position.
V Ramgopal Rao, director, IIT Delhi, said, “IIT Delhi will always strive to do better. We also want to see our technologies help solve problems in the society and we wish to see our students become socially conscious citizens.”
Delhi has six of its universities in the top 100 rankings. As many as 29 colleges from Delhi are in the top 100 list with four DU colleges among the top five. Shri Ram College of Commerce, however, saw a dip in its ranking from 7th position to 12th. “A commerce college will never be able to compete with a science college on parameters like expenditure on labs and journal articles,” says Simrit Kaur, SRCC principal.
The nation’s best
Continuing its good run for the third year in a row, IIT-Madras has topped the ‘India Rankings 2021’ released by the ministry of education, while in the colleges category Delhi’s Miranda House and Lady Shri Ram College for Women retained the first and second positions among the top 100. IIT-Madras also retained top position in the ‘engineering’ and ‘overall’ categories.
Among the universities, Indian Institute of Science (IISc)- Bangalore is ranked number one, followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU).
In the research category, that was introduced this year, IISc-Bangalore emerged topper and IIT-Madras second.
DU has 5 of its colleges in top 10: NIRF ranking
This is the sixth edition of the India Rankings instituted by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) by the ministry of education, which now ranks higher education institutions in 11 categories. Number of unique applicants to the rankings have increased from 2,426 in 2016 to 4,030 in 2021 whereas the total number of applications for ranking in various categories have increased from 3,565 in 2016 to 6,272 in 2021.
Stating that IISc-Bangalore is the benchmark in research, which IIT-Madras will work towards, professor Bhaskar Ramamurthi, director, IIT-Madras, said, “We are delighted to maintain our pre-eminent position in the NIRF rankings yet again, which indicates that we are constantly improving in all the parameters.”
While not much has changed in terms of the rankings of the top institutions in the category of overall, engineering, law, medical and management, the college category has maximum changes with Loyola College (3), St Xavier’s Kolkata and Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira, Howrah (5) breaking into the top five for the first time. However, Delhi University, which itself has not featured in the overall and university top 10, has five of its colleges in the top 10 and 12 in the top 20 categories. There are 28 colleges in the top 100 from Delhi, followed by eight each from Chennai and Coimbatore.
Region-wise, Tamil Nadu has 19 institutions in top 100 universities, followed by Maharashtra with 12 and 10 from Karnataka. In the overall category too the numbers are same for Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. However, Delhi with seven in top 100 overall pips Karnataka with third highest number of institutions in this category.
The best in Delhi
Delhi University’s Miranda House and Lady Shri Ram College for Women have retained their positions as the first- and second-best colleges in India. The 2021 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) placed them at the top of the college rankings. Among the city institutions, however, Hindu and St Stephen’s slid to the 8th and 9th positions, respectively, from the 3rd and 4th places they held last year. Among universities, Delhi University slipped one place to 12th this year, but Jamia Millia Islamia moved up to 6th from 10th while Jawaharlal Nehru University retained its second spot, after Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
Explaining the slide, DU vice-chancellor PC Joshi surmised, “The one parameter in which we performed poorly is the teacher-student ratio. We are 30 marks behind JNU in this regard.” Joshi however, pointed out that in research, DU ranked 11 to JNU’s 18.
There are 28 DU colleges among the Top100 in the country, with Sri Venkateswara, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya and Kirori Mal improving their rankings. However, like Hindu, Hansraj and Acharya Narendra Dev College, despite being in the top 20, slid down the order. Hindu principal Anju Srivastava said, “We have seen the results and are yet to analyse the reasons for our lower ranking. But I think that teacher-student ratio might be one of our drawbacks.”
Jamia attributed its improved performance to the focus on research and faculty quality and vice-chancellor Najma Akhtar told TOI, “This achievement is due to the improved perception our teaching, placements research and other facilities.”
Congratulating the staff and students of JNU, VC M. Jagadesh Kumar said, “We are happy that despite the globally debilitating Covid-19 pandemic, the JNU teachers and students did not flag in their effort and energy with research and teaching. We draw immense satisfaction from the innovative research and teaching programmes JNU has launched in the past five years.”
In the category of engineering colleges, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, has retained its second position. Its director, V Ramgopal Rao, expressed happiness at the institute's management department featuring among the top five in the country in this category. “Happy to see IIT Delhi's management department figures among the top five management programmes in the country, alongside the IIMs. IIT Delhi's management department has the potential to soon become the 'D' among the ABCD of #management schools in India. We are working on it,” said Rao.
As for state universities, Delhi Technological University has improved from its 45th place to 42nd this year, while Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University made a bigger leap from 95 to 79. In the ranking of institutions offering legal studies, National Law University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Indraprastha University were at the second, seventh and 12th spots, respectively.
New Delhi: Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IITM) and Delhi’s top institutions including Miranda House, IIT, Jawaharlal Nehru University, AIIMS and Jamia Millia Islamia continued the ir good show in the National Institutional Ranking Framework for 2022.
For the fourth year running, IIT-M was adjudged India’s top educational institution (overall) and continued to be ranked the “best engineering institution”, a position it has consecutively bagged since the rankings were introduced in 2016.
New Delhi: DU’s Miranda House again bagged top spot in the college category of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) for 2022, a position it has maintained since the category’s introduction in 2017. Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, topped in the university and research categories. While DU’s Hindu College was at second spot, sought-after colleges such as St Stephen’s, Shri Ram College of Commerce and Lady Shri Ram slipped in the rankings, with St Stephen’s not in the top 10 for the first time.
Apart from holding its position in the overall and engineering categories, IIT-M also featured among the top 10 in research (second) and management (tenth). IIT-M was recognised as an Institution of Eminence (IoE) in September 2019 by the government. IIT-M director V Kamakoti said, “I dedicate this achievement to all the students, staff and faculty. Special thanks to all the frontline workers who kept the institute ticking during Covid. The NIRF process gives detailed feedback regarding our strengths and weaknesses. While we will continue to leverage on our strengths, we will address the weaknesses to march forward. ”
Started in 2016, NIRF has formulated a methodology to rank educational institutions. The parameters used for ranking broadly cover teaching, learning and resources; research and professional practices; graduation outcome; outreach and inclusivity; and perception.
Releasing the NIRF: India Rankings 2022 on Friday, Union education minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced that accreditation and assessment shall be mandatory for every higher education institution and they shall also be part of the NIRF ranking system.
“By next year, we will unify institutional accreditation which at present is done by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council and programme accreditation by the National Board of Accreditation. Ranking on innovation done earlier by AICTE will also henceforth be integrated with NIRF. All institutions will be part of the combined system of assessment, accreditation and rankings. Such a system will be transparent and objective,” he said. “From next year, NIRF ranking categories will include in- novation and entrepreneurship. There is already work going on rankings of ITIs and polytechnics,” he added.
VIT has broken into the top 10 in research (10), while it was at the ninth spot in the university category, up from 16th in 2020. The seven IITs — Madras, Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Roorkee and Guwahati — figured in the top 10 in the overall and engineering rankings.
NEW DELHI: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras, continues to hog the limelight in the national rankings, leading the overall and engineering categories for the fifth and eighth consecutive years respectively, while Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, retains the best varsity spot for the eighth year in a row. Like in global rankings, in the ministry of education's National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) as well, the IITs and IIScare leading the lists in various categories.IIT-Kanpur is the top institute in innovation in the NIRF 2023 rankings, while IISc is the top-ranked in research.
The eighth edition of the NIRF observed that faculty with doctoral qualification is concentrated in top 100 institutions, while remaining have fewer faculty with doctoral degrees. This is a serious handicap since mentorship received during the doctoral training can play a vital role in preparing the faculty for a teaching career in higher education, it noted.
Seven IITs – Madras, Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Roorkee and Guwahati – figured in the top 10 in the overall rankings.
The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), which was ranked ninth last year, improved its ranking to sixth this year, while Jawaharlal Nehru University retained its 10th position in the overall category.
The ranking framework evaluates institutions in five broad generic groups on the parameters of teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practice, graduation outcomes, outreach, and inclusivity and perception.
In the universities category the trio of IISc, JNU and Jamia Millia Islamia retained their positions – first, second and third ranks respectively. The IISc continues to be the top university from the start of the rankings in 2015.
Banaras Hindu University, which was ranked sixth last year in the category, improved its rank and bagged the fifth spot.
Among private players, Manipal Academy of Higher Education is the top-ranked (6), followed by Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Coimbatore (7) and Vellore Institute of Technology (8).
Among colleges, Miranda House, Hindu College and Presidency College-Chennai retained the first and second and third positions. Miranda House has been the top college for the seventh year in a row.
Institutions like Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (SOA) Deemed to be University, Bhubaneshwar, also improved its rank in medical sciences (from 18 to 16), dental sciences (9) and law (8) this time, as it leads the institutions in Odisha.
Pradipta Kumar Nanda, vice-chancellor of SOA, said: “The aim is to be ranked among the top 10 universities of the country within the next five years.
In Engineering, eight IITs – Madras, Delhi, Bombay, Kanpur, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Guwahati and Hyderabad – are in the top 10 ranks.
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, and Bangalore, retained the first and second ranks respectively among the B-Schools in the country. IIM-Calcutta, which was at the third spot last year, slipped to the fourth position while IIM-Kozhikode bagged the third position.
In the medical colleges category, AIIMS, Delhi, bagged the top spot, followed by PGIMER, Chandigarh, and Christian Medical College, Vellore. The trio bagged the same positions as last year. The AIIMS, Delhi, has occupied the top slot in medical stream for the sixth consecutive year.
“Changes in metrics, parameters and normalisation algorithms were introduced over the years, although the basic framework was kept intact. As a result, the ranking of institutions has largely remained consistent, especially amongst 25 top-ranked institutions, over the years, although individual ranks might have changed by a few slots for some institutions due to performance variations across institutions on some of the parameters,” a senior ministry official said.
From 2023, a new subject “agriculture and allied sectors” has been introduced in NIRF and the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, has bagged the top slot in this category.
Indian universities: national ranking