Indian universities: global ranking
See the page South Asian universities: global ranking for complete lists, not only of South Asian universities, but of Indian universities as well, taken from original sources.
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Asian rankings\ THE
Eighteen Indian universities have made their way into the top 200 in the Times Higher Education’s (THE) annual Asia university rankings for 2023, with the Indian Institute of Science continuing to rank the highest among Indian institutions at the 48th position. However, IISc has fallen six positions compared to last year.
Overall, India has one university in the top 50, four universities in the top 100, and 18 universities in the top 200.
Last year, 17 higher education institutions figured in the top 200 club. This time, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research is once again the second-highest ranked university at the 68th position, as opposed to the 65th rank in 2022. This is followed by Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences (77th), which has made its debut in the top 200 this year, and Mahatma Gandhi University (95th).
However, even as the count of total Indian universities in the top 200 has gone up marginally, many have registered a drop in their performance. For instance, IISc’s rank has fallen for the fifth consecutive year, from 27 in 2016 to 48 this year. JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research has also dipped by three positions this year, and IIT Ropar registered the sharpest drop of 63 positions, from the 68th rank to 131 this year. An upward trend was noticeable in IIIT Hyderabad’s performance, which moved up from the 174th rank to 106 this year.
A few universities have dropped out of the top 200 this year altogether. Jawaharlal Nehru University (167th in 2022) and IIT Gandhinagar (120th last year) are notable names missing from the top 200 this year.
It’s important to note that the prestigious first-generation IITs, including those in Delhi, Bombay, Kanpur, Madras, and Kharagpur, continue to boycott the ranking over concerns regarding transparency. Earlier this year, representatives of the Times Higher Education (THE) had made a presentation to IIT-Delhi, IIT-Bombay, and IIT-Madras to inform them of the specific changes in the performance parameters this year that address their concerns. However, the IITs haven’t budged on the boycott yet.
This is the 11th annual edition of the Asia University Rankings by THE, a British magazine that reports on higher education. In its assessment, THE uses performance indicators in the areas of teaching, research, citations, international outlook, and industry income. Universities from 31 countries, from Turkey in the west to Japan in the east, participate in the rankings.
“The very rapid growth of Indian universities willing to put themselves forward for assessment in the international rankings is very impressive, showing a real appetite to compete on a global stage and to benchmark against the very best in the Asian continent and the world,” said THE’s Chief Global Affairs Officer, Phil Baty, in reference to the 75 Indian universities participating in the survey. The number has gone up from 71 last year and 63 the year before.
China’s Tsinghua University leads the rankings with the top spot, followed by Peking University and the National University of Singapore. However, the overall rankings are dominated by Japan (117), followed by China (95), India (75), Iran (65) and Turkey (61).
New Delhi : IIT-Delhi, despite dropping a rung to 28, is the most preferred Indian institute among employers and is the only desi school in the top 50 in the Global University Employability Rankings.
Among Indian institutions, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, is in the second spot (58), improving its ranking by three positions, followed by IIT-Bombay at 72, up from 97 in 2021. The latest Times Higher Education (THE) Rankings have five Indian institutions in the top 200 and seven in the top 250.
Globally, the US continues its dominance with four universities in the top five — Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology and Harvard University occupy the top three slots, respectively. In all, there are 55 US universities in the top 250, followed by France (18) and UK (14).
Singapore, Japan and the United Kingdom each have an institution in the top 10, with Japanese and Canadian universities also appearing high in the ranking.
There are 44 countries featured in the list of which India with seven institutions is in the 13th position in terms of number of institutions, ahead of countries like Sweden, Hong Kong, Italy and Singapore.
The employers that took part provided around 800,000 graduate jobs or placements in 2022-2023 in total. The survey, now in its 12th year, incorporated 98,014 votes from employers worldwide on which universities teach key skills that students need to thrive in the workplace.
IIM-Ahmedabad (154) and IIT-Kharagpur (155) fea-tured the other two Indian institutions among the top 175. Key findings from this year’s results indicate digital skills have become the most important factor for employers since the Covid-19 pandemic. Subject specialisation and work expertise closely follow graduate skills as important drivers of performance. Universities in mainland China are seeing a steady rise in rankings due to strengths in graduate skills and work experience.
Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings by Subject
Mumbai: Several Indian universities have made it to the world’s top places to pursue popular subjects, especially in the STEM fields. A total of 44 programmes — last year it was 35 — from various campuses made it to the global top 100, according to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2023.
The 13th edition of rankings by subject showed that IIT-Delhi entered the premier global league of the top 50 for electrical and electronic engineering — 49th rank, up seven places). Similarly, for Math, while IIT-Bombay is ranked 92th, up 25 spots; IITMadras is ranked 98th, up 50 spots. The electrical and electronic engineering programme at IIT-Kanpur now ranks 87th in the world, and computer science & information systems 96th.
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay has been ranked first in India and 47th globally in Engineering and Technology in the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings by Subject for 2023. The institute scored 80.4 out of 100.
Overall, the institute improved upon its 2022 performance by 18 places.
Talking about the rankings, IIT director Prof Subhasis Chaudhuri said: “We are indeed delighted that IIT Bombay continues to excel in providing a strong leadership role in engineering education in India. Our efforts shall continue in further improving the standing of Indian higher education globally. I congratulate all our students, staff, faculty, and alumni for their contributions in achieving this recognition.”
The institute has been ranked in 4 out of 5 broad subject areas, which include Engineering & Technology, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences and Management, and Arts and Humanities.
IIT Bombay authorities stated, “The institute has been ranked (51-100) for Art and Design, 66th for Computer Science & Information Technology, 51-100 for Civil & Structural Engineering, 77th for Chemical Engineering, 54th for Electrical & Electronics Engineering, 68th for Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering, and 37th for Minerals & Mining.”
In overall QS World University rankings, IIT Bombay ranks 172nd globally and second in India after the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. In 2022, IIT Bombay ranked 177th globally in overall QS World University rankings and was ranked first in India.
Mumbai: IIT-Kharagpur is among the world’s top computer science and information systems (94th rank, up 15 spots), according to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2023.
In the case of universities, Jawaharlal Nehru University (68th rank) and University of Delhi (91th rank) broke into the world’s top 100 in sociology.
Ben Sowter, QS Research director, said: “One of the biggest challenges faced by India is educational – providing high-quality tertiary education in the face of exploding demand: this much was recognised by 2020’s NEP, which set the ambitious target of a 50% gross enrolment ratio by 2035. ” “It should therefore provide some reassurance that the number of Indian programs featuring across our 54 subject rankings and five broad faculty areas has increased this year – from 299 to 355 this year,” he added.
“Considering only countries with more than 10 universities ranked in our ranking, India is the second-most improved in Asia. Its overall performance improved by 17. 2% year on year, after Mainland China, which improved by 21. 9%,” said Sowter. The 2023 QS World University rankings by subject sees Indian higher education institutions featuring in 38 of the 54 narrow subjects and in the all the five broad subject areas – engineering and technology, humanities, life sciences and medicine, natural sciences, social sciences and management
Globally, US institutions lead in 32 subjects. Harvard University is the strongest performing institution, ranking first in 14 subjects, two more than last year. British universities top 15 subject tables, with the universities of Oxford and Cambridge leading in four and two subjects, respectively.
The current edition ranked 66 Indian universities, cumulatively achieving 355 entries of various programmes: an 18. 7% increase compared to last year (299). The 11 declared Institutes of Eminence take 44% of the overall Indian entries (158). The most represented Indian universities in this edition of the rankings are University of Delhi (27 entries), IIT-B (25 entries) and IIT-Kharagpur (23 entries).
According to QS, India’s highest-ranked programme is dentistry at Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences for Dentistry (ranked 13th globally, up five places). The next two highest ranked are Petroleum Engineering (21th globally, up nine spots) at IIT-Madras and Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad, placing 25th (up one place) in engineering–mineral& mining.
YEAR WISE DEVELOPMENTS
2012: IITs put India on world map
The IITs in global rankings
IITs put India on world map / 3 Institutes Feature In Top 50 Global Univs For Engg Courses
Kounteya Sinha , The Times of India 2013/05/09
London: IIT Delhi’s electrical engineering department has been ranked the 37th best globally, the highest entry from India across all categories in the latest Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) world university rankings.
QS is a reputed British education and career advice company, which, until 2010, produced the rankings with the Times Higher Education.
The IIT Bombay’s civil engineering department has been ranked 39th while IIT Delhi’s mechanical and aeronautical engineering department has been positioned 43rd. Indian Institute of Science ranks 50th in materials science.
IITs have come as the only saving grace for Indian universities in the rankings released on Wednesday. Not a single university or department has made it to the top 200 altogether in 12 of the 30 disciplines covered in the global rankings.
Important subjects without a single Indian institution featuring in the top 200 include medicine, law, economics and education.
The best performances from Indian universities came in the field of engineering, as expected. IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi and IIT Madras are all ranked in the global top 50 in at least one of the four areas of engineering: civil, mechanical, electrical and chemical.
2012: Global ranks of leading Indian universities
Delhi University and JNU have made it to the top 100 in the world for English literature. Chinese universities, on the other hand, have bagged 37 top-50 rankings in 23 subjects, compared to just four for India.
“These rankings reflect the progress made by the IITs in recent years in engineering, but in many other areas of the academic spectrum, India is lagging way behind its international competitors,” said QS head of research Ben Sowter.
“India faces numerous challenges as it attempts to expand participation and increase university funding. These rankings make it clear that it is some way off achieving a truly internationally competitive higher education system,” he added.
Covering 30 subjects, the QS rankings by subject are the largest of their kind. The US and UK universities dominate the list, with Harvard ranking number one in 10 subjects, ahead of MIT (7), University of Oxford (4), UC Berkeley (4), University of Cambridge (3), Imperial College London (1) and UC Davis (1).
IIT Delhi’s electrical engineering department has been ranked the 37th best globally, the highest entry from India across all categories in the latest QS world university rankings
2013: a slide
IITs see steady slide in world rankings
Hemali Chhapia, TNN | Sep 12, 2013
IITs see steady slide in world rankings
In 2013, five IITs remained the country’s only representatives in the top 400 list. In the Asian rankings, most institutes slid in their positions compared to 2012.
MUMBAI: Lakhs of teenagers may be aspiring to join the Indian Institutes of Technology, but over time, as their international peers have been inching upwards, these elite national colleges have been taking a beating in the global rankings. Between 2009 and 2013, the IITs saw a steady slide in the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) rankings.
This year, five IITs remained the country's only representatives in the top 400 list. In the Asian rankings, most institutes slid in their positions compared to 2012.
The analysis by QS states: "The five leading Indian institutions all rank lower than last year, and there has been a general lack of progress since the rankings began in 2009—surprising, since for much of that period the Indian economy was expanding at a rate of up to 9% per year."
In 2009, IIT-Bombay led the pack at 163. In 2009-13 it fell several spots. Experts said the IITs had increased research publication, though comparatively low citation rates suggested they were yet to achieve widespread impact within academic community.
In Asia, IIT-Delhi was at 38 (36 last year) and IIT-Bombay at 39 (34).
2013: Global ranks of leading Indian universities
The University of Delhi was at 80 (78), the University of Mumbai improved its ranking to 140 (151-160) and the University of Calcutta retained its position at 143.
2014: QS World University Rankings by Subject
Courses from 3 IITs, IISc are in global top 50
Hemali Chhapia,TNN | Feb 26, 2014
MUMBAI: Four Indian universities, including the IITs at Delhi and Mumbai, are among the global top 50 in at least one of the 30 disciplines covered under the QS World University Rankings by Subject.
IIT-Delhi achieved the country's highest position, ranking 42nd in electrical engineering. IIT-Bombay was 49th in electrical engineering and 50th in civil engineering, IIT-Madras 49th in civil engineering and the Indian Institute of Science 46th in materials science.
No course from Indian universities figure in areas such as arts, humanities and social sciences. IIT-Bombay is the only one in the top 200 in any of the five arts and humanities disciplines, ranking in the 151-200 grouping for linguistics.
The five life sciences disciplines feature only two Indian institutions, while India draws a blank in six of the eight social sciences disciplines. The exceptions are statistics, in which five Indian institutions— IIT-D, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Kanpur, Indian Statistical Institute and IIT-B — feature, and politics, in which Jawaharlal Nehru University appears in the 101-150 grouping.
All round, IIT-B emerges as the top institution with four of its courses making it to the rankings.
"The IITs continue to perform well in their specialist areas and the inclusion of three of them in the global top 50 in the engineering disciplines shows that they are starting to achieve genuine international renown," said QS head of research Ben Sowter.
On the other hand, the lack of world-renowned Indian programmes in arts, humanities and social sciences continues to be a concern, Sowter said. "The absence of Indian universities from the top 200 in subjects such as medicine, law, economics, accounting and finance underlines the difficulty India faces in reversing the tide of talented students leaving the country to study these disciplines abroad," he added.
"The latest QS rankings highlight the excellence of the specialist Indian institutions in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) area and also identifies the need to improve the global competitiveness of our universities, in particular the large and comprehensive institutions," said Mohandas Pai, chairman, ICAA — Indian Centre for Assessment & Accreditation.
The encouraging performance of the IITs in engineering and technology fits into a pattern of strong performances by Asian institutions in the STEM disciplines. Asia accounts for 10 of the top 30 institutes in chemical, civil and electrical engineering, and eight in mechanical engineering, showing that several institutions in the region can now be considered serious global players.
National University of Singapore makes the global top 10 in all five engineering and technology disciplines, while Hong Kong accounts for three of the top 20 institutions for computer science: the Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (11th), the University of Hong Kong (14th), and Chinese University of Hong Kong (18th).
"The STEM disciplines have been the primary focus of global competition over the past decade as institutions in countries such as Singapore, Hong Kong, China and Korea have emerged as genuine competitors to the traditional research powerhouses in the US and UK," said Sowter.
2014: Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings
No Indian university in top 100 global list, Harvard voted best
M Ramya,TNN | Mar 7, 2014
CHENNAI: None of India's 700 universities and 35,539 colleges has made it to the top 100 list of the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings released.
The ranking, drawn on the findings of an invitation-only academic opinion survey, is based on the subjective judgment of around 60,000 senior, published academics considered as "the people best placed to know the most about excellence in our universities".
Agency reports said that Punjab University, the alma mater of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, found a place in the unranked section of 226 - 300. [Indpaedia’s note of caution: could Punjab University, Lahore?] It is followed by the IITs in Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Roorkee between ranks 351 and 400.
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore is ranked highest among Indian institutions, at just below 200, from its 130th place last year. IIT-Bombay figures among the 210-220 group, and IIT-Delhi and IIT-Kanpur are ranked below 250.
The US has the most representation with more than 45 institutions figuring in the top 100 followed by the UK with 10 institutions, Germany with six and Japan and Australia with five. India is the only BRIC country that is not represented in the top 100 list. China has two of its institutions on the list while Brazil and Russia have one each.
According to data put together by the Institute of International Education on international student mobility in 2012, the number of foreign students registered in Indian higher education institutions in 2012 is 27,000, much lower than in other Asian countries like China (3.28 lakh) or Japan (1.37 lakh).
2014: IIT Guwahati at no. 87 among universities under 50 years of age
IIT Guwahati leads India into top 100 global varsity rankings PTI | May 1, 2014
LONDON: The prestigious Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati has made it to the world's top 100 university rankings, bringing India for the first time on the list.
IIT-Guwahati is the only Indian educational institute in the 2014 league table of '100 Under 50' institutions [i.e. founded after 1964] released by the 'Times Higher Education' (THE) magazine here yesterday.
The IIT shares the 87th rank on the list with Portugal's New University of Lisbon and Australia's University of Western Sydney.
The annual evaluation of the world's top 100 universities under 50 years of age had a distinct Eastern stance with South Korea's Pohang University of Science and Technology topping the list for the third consecutive year.
"There has been a great deal of soul-searching in India over the fact that none of its universities make the World University Rankings' top 200 - a serious concern given the country's great intellectual history and growing social and economic influence," said Phil Baty, rankings editor at THE magazine.
"But this new analysis, which examines the next generation of global university stars, should be encouraging. Of the 'BRICS' nations, Russia, mainland China and South Africa do not make the grade, so it is cause for optimism that the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati breaks into the top 100," he added.
The '100 Under 50 2014' uses the same comprehensive list of 13 performance indicators that underpin the prestigious THE World University Rankings, but employs an especially re-calibrated methodology to better capture the characteristics of young institutions.
2014: Times Higher Education Asia Rankings
Panjab University pips IITs in new ranking
The Times of India Manash Pratim Gohain, TNN | Jun 20, 2014
Panjab University, Chandigarh upstages Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur as India's number one university and is placed at 32nd position among Top 100 Asian universities. Overall, it has been a significant stride by Indian universities as 10 of them now features in "Times Higher Education (THE) Asia University Rankings 2014," three more than last year. In fact Indian is the most improved nation in this year's rankings by far. The 2014 rankings also feature six IITs in top 100. However, there are no Indian institutions yet to make it to the Top 10 in the Asian rankings.
According to Phil Baty, editor, THE rankings, there were 20 Indian participants of which 10 made it to the top 100, "which is a good show," and "in the next rankings we are coming up in October 2014 we are expecting around 30 to 40 participants from India."
Barring IIT-Kharagpur, none of the Indian universities in Top 100 were ranked in 2013 rankings. IITs still continues to be the big representatives of India in international rankings with the youngest IIT from Guwahati too making its appearance at 74th position. Not technical institutions — Jadavpur University, Aligarh Muslim University and Jawaharlal Nehru University - are also in Top 100 Asian universities.
Commenting on India's performance Baty said: "We are not rewarding volume and size. We are rewarding quality. India is fifth best representing country in this ranking. And majority of these are new entrants. But India is massively under served by quality universities."
Panjab University, Chandigarh
Panjab University is one of the oldest Indian university established in 1882 at Lahore (now in Pakistan). In 1956 the university was relocated to Chandigarh, on a red sandstone campus designed by Swiss architect Pierre Jeanneret under the guidance of the legendary Le Corbusier.
Professor A K Grover, vice-chancellor, PU, said: "PU traditionally has been a very good university. In fact what DU is trying to do now we did it in Lahore in 1920, that is the four-year-undergraduate-programme. About the rankings, there are roughly 10 universities within the same bracket. The only advantage is PU is so integrated and has the benefit of the architecture to present and earn a few points extra. The campus is so structured that a walk from any hostel to any department won't take more then seven minutes and it promotes interdisciplinary. Therefore it is easy to attract good students. We too have lot of politics in the campus, but majority of the scholars are serious academics."
All the Indian universities which made it to the Top 100 are public funded universities, though there were private universities among the 20 which participated in the assessment process. While the global leaders are private universities, the Indian private institutions "could not make it to top 100 due to lack of infrastructure and research," said Baty.
Japan is the number one nation with 20 representatives in the Top 100 and its University of Tokyo at the top, followed by Singapore's National University of Singapore. But China too is not far behind with 18 of its universities in the Top 100.
2014: National Assessment and Accreditation Council’s (NAAC) assessment
Indian univs second-grade?
89% Of NAAC-Accredited Institutes Are ‘Average’ Or Worse
Manash Pratim Gohain TNN
New Delhi: If rankings and grading are any indicator of quality, Indian institutes of higher learning have a long way to go — both locally and globally. An astonishing 89% of India’s accredited colleges and universities are graded either ‘average’ or ‘below average’, raising serious doubts about their quality.
While globally India’s [South Asia’s?] top rated institute — Panjab University — ranks between 226 and 250, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council’s (NAAC) assessment is no better, with 62% of universities accredited rated average or below average. Moreover, the actual picture on the ground is likely to be even worse since only 179 varsities and 5,224 colleges have valid accreditation out of a total of 630 varsities and 33,000 colleges. [Indpaedia’s note of caution: could Punjab University, Lahore?]
NAAC director A N Rai said, “Only 11% of our accredited institutions are ‘A’ grade, while 71% are ‘B’ grade. The remaining 18% are in the lowest ‘C’ grade. This definitely shows the quality of the institutions. But we have to consider various parameters. As most institutions are government-run, there is a serious financial and infrastructure crunch which adversely affects the assessment. But we have to appreciate the fact that despite being voluntary they came for the assessment.”
From 2014, however, accreditation has been made mandatory and linked to funding under Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan.
2015: Ranking by US News
See graphic 'Best Global Universities: 2015'
2015: Tiles Higher Education
There was no Indian university ion the Top 100.
2015: QS World University Rankings by Subject
The Times of India, Apr 30 2015
DU, JNU, IIT depts make it to global top 100 list
Nine Indian varsities in QS rankings within nine disciplines
Indian universities might struggle to make the top 100 of the QS World University Rankings list, but their individual departments are amongst the best in the world. Delhi University tops the list, achieving the highest rank of all 20 Indian universities that have made the cut, while being placed 17th globally on the development studies subject table. Nine Indian institutions are listed in the top 100 within nine disciplines. In the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 published, India has secured 107 places across the 36 subject tables, including the six new disciplines for 2015--architecture, arts and design, business studies, dentistry , development studies and veterinary science.
IIT Bombay is the most prevalent Indian institute, appearing in the top 100 for eight subjects. IIT Delhi too has five of its departments in the top 100 while Jawaharlal Nehru University figures on one subject list. “This is a reflection of the progress made by Delhi University in four years.Rankings have improved in several disciplines. If we can keep up the momentum, we would be placed even higher next year,“ Malay Neerav, media coordinator, DU, said.
Within the inclusion of the new subject of art and design, Shanmugha Arts Science Technology and Research Academy , Thanjavur, has been placed in the top 100, while Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, has made it for materials science and electrical and electronic engineering. From Delhi, IIT also appears in the top 100 for civil and structural engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, mechanical aeronautical and manufacturing engineering and computer science and information system.
However, in business and management studies, none of the B-schools could make it into the top 100. The top ranks in this subject table are shared by IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Bangalore and IIT Delhi.
2015: Number of women vice-chancellors
The Times of India, Jun 05 2015
Only 13 of India's 431 universities have women VCs
The prestigious Oxford University announced that Professor Louise Richardson, subject to approval, could go on to become the university's first woman vice-chancellor in its 800-year-old history . Down in India, things are not too different. Multiple studies reveal the percentage of women vice-chancellors here is a shocking 3%, with just 13 universities of the 431, a UGC study surveyed, having women running a varsity . This, despite girls outdoing boys year after year in exams, and women constituting more than 50% of teaching posts in universities.
According to a British Council commissioned report titled `Women in Higher Education Leadership in South Asia: Rejection, Refusal, Reluctance, Revisioning', the percentage of women teaching staff drops drastically at higher levels. “Women constitute only 1.4% of the professoriate, though there are many at other positions like readers, lecturers etc,“ the report released in February 2015 notes.
Adding that even of the 13 women VCs, six are from allwomen universities, the report flags the culture of discrimination. “There are many reasons -from the way selection committees are constituted to the way women and men think. Most women academicians are more passionate about teaching than running institutions, which is why many of them, although qualified, do not choose to apply for such posts,“ Meena Rajiv Chandawarkar, VC , Karnataka State Women's University, told TOI.
Quoting a UGC-constituted task force in 2013, the report says, “Glass ceilings and fears over promotion must receive more attention, the feedback indicates widespread practices of discrimination and harassment among women working in higher education institutions.“
Berin Lucas, sociology professor of St Joseph's College of Arts and Science says, “Higher education must open its doors to new learning, but it is only a reflection of the patriarchal fabric of society , which operates in every spectrum of life, not even exempting education.“ The report, though, paints a bright picture at the under-graduate level for women.
2015: IIS, Bangalore; IIT, Delhi in Top 200
The Times of India, Sep 15 2015
In a 1st, 2 Indian institutes make it to world's top 200
Two Indian institutes have for the first time made it to the top 200 list of the world's best universities. The Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, has taken the top spot among its Indian counterparts, bagging the 147th rank. The only other Indian institute to make it to the top 200 is Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, ranked 179th this year. It has made great progress from last year when it was ranked 235th in the world.
According to the QS World University Rankings 2015, there are 14 Indian institutions in the World Uni versity Rankings and half of them are among the global 400. The bad news is that the University of Delhi and the University of Mumbai have lost ground.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is the world's top university , closely followed by Harvard.The University of Cambridge is tied to Stanford Uni versity for the third place.London is the only city in the world with four universities in the top 50, more than Boston and New York (3) Paris, Sydney , Hong Kong and Beij ing (2), with the London School of Economics and Po litical Science making the top 40 for the first time.
In an exclusive interview to TOI, Ben Sowter, QS head of research, said, “India has two institutions in the top 200 this year, which has occurred as a result of QS evolving its methodology to be more even-handed across subject areas and it has revealed strength in research in engi neering, technology and the natural sciences. If you want to compare India and China, the primary shortfalls are money and consistent policy leadership.“
Thirty-four countries are represented in the top 200.
The US is the dominant nation, with 49 institutions, ahead of the UK (30), the Netherlands (12), Germany (11), Canada, Australia, and Japan (8), China (7), France, Sweden and Hong Kong (5).
2015: Times Asia rankings
The Times of India, Jun 11 2015
Only 9 Indian univs make it to Times Asia rankings 2015
China beats Japan, heads top-100 list
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore upstaged Panjab University as India's number one university, while IISc and IIT,Bombay , were the two new entrants in the top 100 of the Times Higher Education University Asia Rankings 2015, released on Wednesday . However, there is cause for concern as this year only nine Indian universities made it to the top 100, down from 10, whereas IIT-Guwahati, IIT-Kanpur and Jadavpur University-which made it to the top 100 comfortably last year-have exited the rankings altogether this time. Meanwhile, China has overtaken Japan as the Asian power house in education, but Japan's University of Tokyo is still in the numero uno position.
IISc-Bangalore entered the table at 37th, one place ahead of last year's leader, Panjab University , whose rank fell from 32. Five IITs, led by IIT-Roorkee (joint 55th) formed the lion's share of the country's representation, although Aligarh Muslim University (90th) and Jawaharlal Nehru University (96th) too made it to the top 100.
Phil Baty , editor of The Times Higher Education Rankings, said, “It is cause for concern that India has lost ground in the league ta ble. Most of last year's representatives have fallen down the list. With India's major chunk of population under 25 years of age, it is more crucial than ever for India to invest in research and strengthen its academic links with other nations. “ The Asia rankings use 13 performance indicators to examine each university's strengths against its core missions of teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.Besides seeding its position to China, many of Japan's representatives have lost ground, with only 19 universities in the list, down from 20 last year and 22 in 2013.
China now has 21 representatives in the top 100, going past Japan for the first time, with three of its universities as new entrants. Last year China had 18 universities and 15 in 2013. Both Peking University (fourth) and Tsinghua University (fifth) have moved up a place.
Hong Kong University managed to retain its third place and had a strong presence from the Chinese special administrative region, with all six of its universities in the top 50. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology rose from ninth to seventh, while the Chinese University of Hong Kong stood at 13th.
“The world expects Asia to be the next global higher education superpower after Europe and North America.Times Higher Education data shows many of the continent's leading universities competing on equal terms with the best in the West,“ said Baty .
2015: QS World Universities ranking
The Times of India, Sep 24 2015
QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS 2015-16 - INDIAN UNIVERSITIES AMONG WORLD'S TOP 200
Since its launch in 2004, the QS World University Rankings remains a major news event around the world. And they matter enormously to academics, university managers, students, alumni and other key groups in higher education. As with any ranking, the big names near the top are the first to attract attention. We find that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is still the world's top university. It has near-perfect scores on five of our six measures, but falters on our indicator for international students where it gains a mere 95.5 out of a possible 100. It is 62nd in the world on this measure. In second place is Harvard, which also performs extremely well in all the indicators, except for the proportion of international students. The top 20 we see here is dominated as usual by an array of household-name institutions in the US and the UK. US universities take 10 top-20 places and the UK five. Two of the others are in Switzerland, two in Singapore and one in Australia.
There is bound to be close attention to the effects of this year's major improvement to the rankings, the faculty-level normalisation of our citations count. The intention is to counteract the ferocious publish-or-perish culture of the biomedical field, and in the natural sciences, by equalising the effect of citations in the major areas of academic life.
For this year, its effects can be seen most starkly in the improved standing of institutions with a strong emphasis on the social sciences and the arts and humanities. Most striking is the rise of the London School of Economics from 71st place to 35th, driven by a rise in its citations ranking. In general, the effect of this change on large universities with a comprehensive range of subject provision ought to be broadly neutral.This applies to most of our topranked institutions, so there have been few if anyearthquakes in the upper reaches of these rankings.
However, universities with a strong emphasis on the biomedical sciences lose the advantage afforded by our previous methodological approach in counting citation per faculty.
The most visible example is Imperial College, London. It has fallen from the number two position to eighth. The main reason is indeed the fall in its citation per faculty member indicator, as a result of the normalization applied to this measure. This is the only one of our six measures on which Imperial does not have a near-perfect score.
The other startling result near the top of these rankings is the rise of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. NTU is up 26 places to 13th, one place behind the National University of Singapore, making NTU much the newest top university in the world.In addition, it has proved possible for medicine-intensive universities to offset the effects of the citations changes by improving elsewhere. Examples include Johns Hopkins and Yale in the US. They both lost out in the citations reform, but have fallen less than might have been expected by doing better on other measures.
This new approach to citations allows us to look afresh at the relative standing of world higher education systems. One example is the possible rise in the standing of Asian higher education. Across the region, universities have been the focus of massive political emphasis, and of substantial financial investment. We have already seen that Singapore's commitment to learning and research is a success, with two top-20 universities in this ranking.
These rankings show little material change in the standing of universities in Japan, Korea or Taiwan. The main winners are in China and India. China's two top institutions, Tsinghua and Peking universities, are up by 22 and 16 places respectively to 25 and 41. In India, seven of the Indian Institutes of Technology are up this year including top-rated IIT Delhi (179th) which breaks into the Top 200 for the first time ever. As a general rule, engineering and technology attach less importance to citations than science and medicine. The top Indian institution is the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore. It is a new entry at a praiseworthy 147, having satisfied QS that its work is broadly-based enough to be included in our global ranking.
Ben Sowter, QS head of research says “India's universities have clear strengths in technology and natural sciences, and with the historic emphasis on medical research now neutralized, are reflected in their rightful place in this year's tables. On a cautionary note, however, it's important to highlight that the trend in a number of key measures remains downward, so to retain and improve upon this year's results, the Indian Higher Education establishment must not be complacent, and must continue to drive for greater international recognition.“
There are 14 Indian institutions in the QS World University Rankings and half of them are among the global 400. While the IITs and the Institute of Science have all progressed in this edition, the large comprehensive universities, such as the University of Delhi and the University of Mumbai have lost ground, principally because of the normalisation by faculty applied to the research indicator but also due to deterioration in other dimensions as well.
The University of Delhi features among the world's top 200 in the Social Sciences & Management (191th) and Arts & Humanities tables (176th) while Jawaharlal Nehru University is the leading Indian university in this area (168th). Unsurprisingly, Indian institutions excel in the Engineering & Technology area, with five IITs among the Top 100 in the world while they also have a fairly strong profile in the Natural Sciences.
2015: 17 Indian institutions in Times' top 800
The Times of India, Sep 30 2015
17 Indian institutions among Times' top 800
India put on a better show than previous editions at The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-16, to be released on Wednesday , after the list was expanded to top 800 from 400. But none of them breached the top 200. The highest ranked institution is the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, placed in 251-300 rank group and the other institution among the top 400 is Indian Institute of Technology , Bombay (351-400 cohort). In all, India has 17 universities in the list, matching its BRIC counterpart Brazil. Among Asian countries, China continues to dominate, while Japan and South Korea have fallen behind.
Phil Baty , editor of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, said: “India will have to work harder to compete with other emerging economies such as China, which has 37 institutions, and Russia which has fewer institutions overall but a higher proportion in the upper echelons of the table.“
“With the population of young people in the country expanding, resulting in further pressure on resources, it is now more crucial than ever that India invests in research and strengthens its links with other nations. The Centre is yet to implement an initiative in this area,“ he said.
In Asia, the National University of Singapore holds the number one spot (in 26th place), while China's Peking and Tsinghua universities are at 42nd and joint 47th respectively .
2015: IISc first Indian university in world top 100
1. The Times of India, Nov 13 2015
2. The Times of India, Nov 13 2015, Manash Gohain
IISc is first Indian univ in world top 100
Bengaluru's Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has broken into the list of top broken into the list of top 100 universities of the world -a first for an Indian university . The institute has ranked 99th in engineering and technology cat neering and technology category of the Times Higher Education list, reports Manash Pratim Gohain. The list is an annual publication by the UKbased Times Higher Education (THE) magazine. Asian universities made up more than a quarter of the top 100 list, claiming 26 spots, up from 18 in 2014.
“This year's stand-out success story has to be India, making its debut in this prestigious engineering and technology ranking, which represents the top few per cent of world universities for these subject disciplines, said THE World University Rankings editor Phil Baty . “Whether you look at hightech sectors such as IT or aerospace engineering or more traditional fields such as steelmaking, India's engineering and technology prowess is highly visible the world over in the shape of companies based in India or run by people born in India, such as Google and Microsoft, Infosys and Wipro or Tata and Mittal. Maximum weightage (30%) is given to teachinglearning environment and research followed by research, citations (27.5) and international outlook (7.5%). IISc scored 60.7 points for teaching and 46.7 in research as per performance breakdown of the ranking. In teaching, IISc is among the top 50 universities while for research it is ranked 77th.Six Asian universities make the top 30
2016: Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies rankings
The Times of India, December 4, 2015
BRICS & EMERGING ECONOMIES - 16 desi institutes figure in Times' top 200 univs Indian educational institutes occupy 16 places among top 200 universities in Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies rankings for 2016.At 16th place, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore is the only Indian institute to feature in the top 20. China, on the other hand, has five institutes among top 10, followed by two from South Africa, and one each from Taiwan, Brazil and Russia. Even Taiwan has done better than India with 24 universities in top 200.
Releasing the report on Thursday , Phil Baty, editor, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, said, “It is good news for India that 16 of its institutions feature in this year's list of the best universities in the BRICS nations and emerging economies. However, India will have to work harder to com pete with other developing nations, such as Russia, which have a higher proportion of institutions in the upper echelons of the table. India is the only BRICS nation without a university in the top ten.“
At 29th place, Indian Institute of Technology , Bombay makes to the Top 30, but rank ings show that it requires investment and international collaboration if it has to compete with institutions from other BRICS nations.
China dominates the rankings, with Peking Universityand Tsinghua University at first and second position respectively. The University of Science and Technology of China is at seventh place, Zhejiang University at eighth and Shanghai Jiao Tong University at tenth. Lemonosov Moscow State University from Russia is at third place; from South Africa, University of Cape Town from is at fourth and University of Witwatersrand is at sixth. National Taiwan University is at fifth. University of Sao Paulo, Brazil is at ninth place.
Baty said, “India spends less than 0.88% of its GDP on science research, compared with 2.76% for the United States and 4.04% for South Korea. With the population of young people in the country continuing to expand resulting in further pressure on resources, it is now more crucial than ever that India invests in research and strengthens its links with other nations.“
Rankings that also include a number of countries which are outside the BRICS bloc, show they had a good year.Chile has six institutions represented (two last year) while Colombia has two universities included (one last year).
2016: QS World University Rankings by Subject
The Times of India, Mar 22, 2016
Manash Pratim Gohain
Delhi University among world's elite, again
It may have dropped one notch from last year, but Delhi University again ranks among the world's top 20 institutions for development studies. In the QS World University Rankings by Subject released, DU occupies the 18th spot in the category of development studies, the highest achieved by an Indian varsity in the sixth edition of the subject-focused listings. The Indian Institutes of Technology , however, continue to be the most ranked Indian institutions, with IIT-Bombay featuring 14 times in the rankings and seven times among the top 100. The ranking were based on the expert opinion of 76,798 academics and 44,426 employers along with the analysis of 28.5 million research papers and over 113 million citations sourced from the Scopus Elsevier bibliometric database.
IIT-B is the country's pre-eminent university at the subject level, featuring in 14 subject tables, the most successful among the 21 Indian universities ranked in at least one subject. DU stands at 18 in development studies, while IITDelhi is in 45th place in the electrical and electronics engineering list. The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, weighs in at 47th for materials science. The Indian universities occupy 114 places among them, an increase from the 107 in 2015. However, given QS's decision to continue expanding their rankings and make this year's edition its most inclusive ever, India's share of places as a proportion drops marginally from 1.29% to 1.25%.
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Ben Sowter, head of the QS Intelligence Unit, said: "Though the US and UK remain dominant, our most inclusi ve rankings ever show that excellence can be found in an ever-increasing number of places. Nations like Austria, South Africa, Finland, Brazil, China, and Sweden can be found in the top ten of our tables. Our new top 100 for performing arts acknowledges academic ex cellence in 27 different countries, while our top 100 for mineral engineering recognizes it in 26." Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology continue to dominate global rankings, each taking 12 leading positions among 24 subjects. "The QS World University Rankings by Subject shines a light on the excellence of institutions that cannot be included in the overall world ranking due to their specialist focus," pointed out Dr Karthick Sridhar, vice-chairman, Indian Centre for Academic Rankings and Excellence. He added, "President Pranab Mukherjee, in the capacity of Visitor to central universities, has encouraged the institutions to proactively engage with ranking agencies and provide the required data for global benchmar king initiatives."
2016: Times Asia Rankings: IISc 27th; 16 in top 200
The Times of India, Jun 21, 2016
India leads S Asian nations in Times varsity rankings India is the leading South Asian country in the Times Higher Education (THE) Asia University Rankings 2016, with 16 institutions in the top 200. Led by the Indian Institute of Science in the 27th place, there are eight universities institutions among the top 100. This is the first time that an Indian university is making it to the top 30.Two universities from Singapore -National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University -claimed the top two spots. The rankings were announced and for the first time the list has been expanded to 200.
In all 22 countries were represented, up from 14 in 2015. This is the fourth edition of the Asia university rankings and the spotlight has been on the role of government-backed excellence programmes driving up university performance across the continent.
Phil Baty , editor, THE rankings, said: “India has made great gains in this list in recent years -just three institutions appeared in the top 100 in 2013 -but the nation still has a long way to go to compete with Asia's leading university nations, such as China, Japan and South Korea, and it scores particularly weakly on internationalisation.“
“However, the South Asian institutions are some way behind their counterparts in East Asia, particularly Singapore, China and South Korea, in attaining worldclass status, due to a relative lack of funding and an absence of clear government-led drives to put leading universities at the heart of economic growth strategies.“
The report also cited some initiatives designed to promote world-class universities. These initiatives have become commonplace across Asia and are driving up the performances. For example, China's `Project 985' is designed to turn universities like Peking University and Tsinghua University into `superelite' institutions.
India too has announced plans to develop an excellence initiative to help 20 institutions compete on the world stage.
2016: Quacquarelli Symonds: In Asia IISC no.33, IIT-M no.43
The Times of India, Jun 15 2016
Indian Institute of Technology-Madras has broken into the top 50 of the 2016 Asia university rankings that were released on Tuesday by British company Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).Jumping 13 places from its position last year, IIT-Madras is ranked 43. Bhaskar Ramamurthi, ector, IIT-Madras attri director, IIT-Madras attributed the rise to a combination of factors. “Research publications have increased.Also, at the last IIT council meeting, it was decided that each faculty member should produce at least one PhD.Our facultystudent ratio at 1.1415 is another major reason for us surging ahead in the rankings,“ he told TOI. Ramamurthi is also hoping that the rankings would stir interest among foreign students in making a beeline to Indian universities, and IIT-Madras in particular.“For long I have been talking about parameters used by such ranking systems being irrelevant to India. But what cannot be ignored is the bright side of them helping in an influx of students here, just like how our students show interest in going abroad,“ he said.
IISc-Bangalore (33), IITBombay (35), IIT-Delhi (36) and IIT-Kanpur (48) were the other Indian universities in the top 50. IIT-Kharagpur was placed 51st and two other IITs Roorkee (78) and Guwahati (94) made it to the top 100 as well.
Amrita University (169) and Andhra University (301350 band) made their debuts while University of Delhi and University of Calcutta saw huge leaps the former rose 25 places to 66th, while the latter jumped 41 places to 108th. With 23 universities in the top 350, India's performance was fifth best among the 17 countries featured in the list. National University of Singapore, University of Hong Kong and Nanyang Technological University took the top three spots in the rankings which evaluated 920 universities from Asia.
The rankings were expanded to include Asia's 350 best universities, an addition of 50 from last year.Methodological enhancements too were in place staff with a PhD was included in the parameters. Academic reputation (30%), reputation among prospective employers (20%), faculty student ratio (15%), citations per paper (10%), papers per faculty (10%), staff with a PhD (5%), proportion of international faculty (2.5%), proportion of international students (2.5%), proportion of inbound exchange students (2.5%) and proportion of outbound exchange students (2.5%) were the deciding factors for ranking the institutions.
Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings
Thirty-one Indian institutions feature in a list of 980 best universities from 70 countries, according to the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2016. Leading among the Indian universities, IISc has claimed a spot in the 201-250 band, its highest ever position.
Second among the top Indian institutions is IIT-Bombay, which has found a place in the top 400. While there are 14 new entrants like Tezpur University from Assam and Amity University , five of the 2015 ranked universities -IIT Kharagpur, IIT Guwahati, Panjab University, Amrita University and Andhra University -saw a drop in their rankings. The country also has four new entries in the top 800, which are National Institute of Technology (Rourkela), Sri Venkateswara University, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and Tezpur University.
India ranked 24th, Pakistan 50th
The Times of India, May 25 2016
The QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings (HESSR) 2016 -an overall ranking of higher education system -has ranked India at 24th position with a score of 60.9 out of 100. The US has scored a centum and tops the heap, UK is in the second place with 98.5, while Germany takes the third spot with 94.
With a score of 9.2, Pakistan ranks 50, the last position. The overall assessment is done through four categories -system strength, flagship, access and economic concept of different countri es in higher education. All these categories are combined with equal weightage to give the overall rankings.
In the system strength category, the top two rankings are shared by US and UK respectively, with India at rank 20. In this category, every country is awarded a score based on the number of institutions ranked 700 or above in the QS World Rankings, divided by the average position of those institutions.
US continues to bag the top position in the access ca tegory, too, with India at the 42nd position.
India has secured rank 26 in the flagship category, where US, UK and Switzerland have secured the top three rankings. This category assesses the performance of the country's top institution within global rankings, and this is a normalised score based on the place each nation's top university occupies in the QS World University Rankings.
In economic context category, India has managed to get rank 4, with US again acing it. This category assesses impact of national investment in higher education.
QS World University Rankings 2016-17
The Times of India, Sep 6, 2016
Manash Pratim Gohain
IITs lose ground in global ranking
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) lost ground in the QS World University Rankings 2016-17 issued. The rankings confirmed Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in US as the world's best for the fifth consecutive year.
Indian Institute of Science+ (IISc), Bengaluru, remained India's highest-ranked institution, but dropped out of the top 150. The only good news is that IIT Madras+ has broken into the top 250, climbing up five places.
IISc's drop is symptomatic of the near-uniform drops faced by India's tertiary institutions this year, the report said. In fact, the positions of nine out of the 10 Indian universities ranked 700 or above in 2015 have dropped this year. The rankings fell for both academic and employer reputation. There are just four Indian institutions among the world's top 100 in research impact, one fewer than last year's, as IIT Madras dropped eight ranks to 101st. IISc remains India's best research institution, ranked 11th.
Ben Sowter, head of research at QS Intelligence Unit, attributes the falls to several factors. One is India's relatively low number of PhD qualified researchers. Also, India hires and attracts fewer PhD qualified researchers from abroad. He notes that no Indian institution ranked above 700 for QS's international faculty ratio metric.
QS intelligence unit noted that considerable investment -- human and capital -- is needed if Indian institutions are to remain competitive and upwardly mobile. "This year's rankings imply that levels of investment are determining who progresses and who regresses. Institutions in countries that provide high levels of targeted funding... are rising. On the other hand, Western European nations making or proposing cuts to public research spending are losing ground to their US and Asian counterparts," Sowter said.
"The performance of Indian institutions in our recent regional Rankings suggest that India is gaining some ground on its regional competitors," he added.
Elsewhere, Stanford University has displaced the University of Cambridge in the top three. This means US institutions hold all top-three places for the first time since the inaugural rankings of 2004.
IISc: 10th best small university
Times Higher Education (THE) revealed that India is home to one of the world’s best small universities
IISc has been ranked eighth at the ‘THE’s Best Small Universities in the World 2017’
IISc, a public university for scientific research and higher education, was established in 1909
NEW DELHI: For the first time, an Indian educational institute has broken into the top 10 of a global university rankings. On Tuesday, the Times Higher Education (THE) revealed that India is home to one of the world's best small universities, as it made public the 2017 edition of the rankings. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, has been ranked eighth at the 'THE's Best Small Universities in the World 2017'. However, India's overall show in the ranking took a hit this year, as there were two institutions in the top 20 last year, though none were in top 10. Small universities are those with fewer than 5,000 students.
IISc, a public university for scientific research and higher education, was established in 1909 with active support from Jamsetji Tata and Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore. In 2015-16 it became the first Indian institute to be ranked among the top 100 in THE World University Rankings for engineering and technology at 99th position.
IISc now joins the elite list that includes California Institute of Technology (Caltech) from the US, Ecole Normale Superieure from France and Pohang University of Science and Technology, South Korea. Caltech continues to retain its leadership position, and France and Italy each take three places among the top 10.
Despite the new high, India has two misses. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, and Savitribai Phule Pune University which were ranked 14 and 18 respectively in the 2016 edition could not retain their spots in the top 20 this time.
Seeta Bhardwa, student editor at THE said, "The Best Small Universities in the World for 2017 highlights that small universities provide high student satisfaction and good working relationships between students and their professors. Many students are drawn to smaller class sizes, higher teacher to student ratios and the communitylike feel that a small university can provide.”
Indian Institutes of Technology
Alumni founders of unicorn startups
QS Asia University Rankings 2017: IITs
For the performance of Indian and other South Asian universities on the QS Asia University Rankings 2018, see South Asian universities: global ranking
In 2017, Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay (IIT-B) has risen by a point -to 34 from 35 last year -on the Asian charts of the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) University Rankings. On the other hand, though, the city's other public institution, the University of Mumbai, has slid to the 801-1,000 range from the 701-750 bracket.
Globally , California Institute of Technology has pipped University of Cambridge to occupy the fourth position in the QS rankings.The other Ivy Leagues -MIT, Stanford, Harvard -maintain their top places.
Locally , besides IIT-B, IIT Delhi and IIT Madras figure on the list of Asia's Top 50 universities. No Indian university, though, has managed to occupy a position in the Top 10. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), which was placed 33 last year, has fallen to 51 this time. IIT-Delhi is at 41 from 36 last year while IITMadras stands at 48 from 43 last year.
Speaking on the performance of the institute, director Devang Khakhar said, “I am glad that IIT-Bombay continues to rise in the rankings. This is a reflection of the excellent work being done by the faculty and students of the institute.“ The institute was among the top 8% performers in the QS Asia University Rankings. Considering that there are approximately 11,900 universities globally, this brings IIT-B among the top 1% universities in Asia.
This time around, Savitribai Phule Pune University is stable at 207 and Mumbai University has dropped from 145 to 181 in the Asian rankings. In the same region, Nanyang Technological University (NTU) was ranked number one, ahead of NUS and Hong Kong Uni versity of Science and Tech nology (HKUST).
Overall, IIT-B has im proved on its 2016-17 per formance by one place.
It is ranked number one in India, with an overall score of 75.7 out of 100. The institute has a score of 88.1in academic reputation, 97.5 in employer reputation, 44.5 in faculty student ration, 96.3 in staff with PhD, 89.6 in papers per faculty , 9.7 in international faculty , 6.3 in international students, 10.9 in inbound exchange students, 9.1 in outbound exchange students, and 41.4 in citations per paper. Among these 10 parameters, employer reputation of IIT-B was the strongest at 21globally .
‘2018': BRICS universities ranking
IIT-D That Ranks 15th In List Comes Third In Country
Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) ranking of Brics universities in 2018 brought a mixed bag of good and bad news for India. IITBombay, for the first time, broke into the top 10 list, bagging the 9th position (overall) and was also the best-ranked among Indian universities. It improved its rank by four positions.
Sadly, India lost its top position (6th place), secured in 2017 by Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, in the ranking for 2018. With its 10th rank, IISc, however, continues to be among the top institutions in Brics nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Like in 2016, this year too four Indian universities, including IIT-Delhi (15th rank) and IIT-Madras (18th rank), were featured in the Top 20.
In the overall rankings, the top three remained unchanged from the 2016 list —Tsinghua University, Peking University and Fudan University — all from China, securing the first three ranks respectively.
In total, 65 Indian universities are ranked among the published top 300. This is more than Brazil’s 61 and South Africa’s 12, but fewer than Russia’s 68 and China’s
94. Seven Indian universities have made it to the top 50 list. The highest ranked private Indian university is BITS Pilani at 109, followed by Thapar University at 137 and Symbiosis International University at 144.
The top 10 public and private Indian universities in the Brics ranking were felicitated in Delhi by V S Chauhan, chairman, University Grants Commission on Wednesday. Speaking on the role of the rankings, Chauhan said the Centre launched the National Institutional Ranking Framework which was started in 2016, to make Indian institutions more competitive. On the relevance of the rankings, Chauhan said, “The role of the rankings, in helping students getting to know about the institutions they choose, can’t be negated. But sometimes they are overplayed.”
“Indian education system has expanded and we are trying to change a lot of regulations which were framed long ago. In this, there is space for providing rankings,” he added.
While stating that India is at a very early stage when it comes to its universities coming of age, Chauhan said, “We will celebrate that day when of 350 universities in the Brics rankings, 150 will be Indian institutions.”
In total, 65 Indian universities are ranked among the published top 300. This is more than Brazil’s 61 and South Africa’s 12, but fewer than Russia’s 68 and China’s 94. The highest ranked private Indian university is BITS Pilani at 109
Times Higher Education’s ‘Asia University Rankings 2018’
India has increased its representation in the Times Higher Education’s ‘Asia University Rankings 2018’ claiming 42 places, up from 33 in 2017, with 12 new entrants.
However, several of its institutions, including many of its leading universities, have slid in the rankings of 350 top universities in Asia. At 29, the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore remained India’s top ranked institution, but it too dropped two places from last year. There are seven universities from India that are ranked among the top 100.
National University of Singapore is the top ranked university in Asia, followed by Tsinghua University and Peking University from China.
While the number of Indian institutions in the rankings has increased, the rise is partly due to an expansion of the table to include 350 universities this year, up from around 300 in 2017. Two of the newcomers to make the top 200 of the list —Indian School of Mines at 141st and Banaras Hindu University at joint 194th.
However, India’s top two last year – IISc and IIT, Bombay have each dropped two places to 29th and 44th respectively, largely due to fall in their citation impact scores. IIT, Madras saw the biggest decline in the top 200, dropping 41 places to 103rd, also mainly due to a decline in its citations, while IIT Delhi’s ranking too dropped by 32 positions.
QS World University rankings
Three Indian universities feature in the top 200 universities of the QS World University rankings 2019 -- Indian Insitiute of Technology (IIT), Bombay, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and IIT Delhi. While IIT Delhi has retained the same ranking as last year, IIT Bombay which ranks 162 in 2019 has climbed up 17 notches. IISc too has moved up 20 to be ranked 170 in 2019. In all, the number of Indian universities in the top 1,000 increased from 20 to 24. Here’s a look at Indian universities that feature among the top 500 in 2019 as compared to 2018 and the world's best universities.
‘2019’: Times Higher Education Rankings
IIT-Bombay, which was chosen as an Institute of Eminence (IoE) by the Centre, has slipped from the 351-400 band to 401-500 in the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2019 released on Wednesday. The Powai institute has been overtaken by nine-yearold IIT-Indore, which has made an impressive debut as India’s second highest-ranked university —and a global top 400 institution —with its scores buoyed by research volume and research impact.
The country is led again by the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, which retains its position in the 251-300 band. No Indian institute made it to the global top
200. But India’s presence increased to 49 places this year, up from 42–the fifth best-represented nation in the world. However, most of the institutions either stagnated or declined in the 2019 table.
Deputy director (Academics) at IIT-Bombay, A K Suresh, said they are not chasing global ranks, but intend to do their best. “We do well in some ranking systems and in some others, we may not do well in certain parameters. We just work towards achieving excellence and rankings will happen in the process,” he said.
Savitribai Phule Pune University has emerged as the top state-run university in the country, being ranked in the 501–600 band, up from the 601–800 band last year.
Globally, Oxford University claimed first position for the third consecutive year, also topping the list for its the research pillar (volume, income and reputation). Cambridge retained the second spot, while Stanford in the US holds steady in third.
In a statement issued to THE, Pradeep Mathur, director of IIT Indore, said: “Our efforts in making research the focus of the institute is now reflected in the form of citation and other impact metrics of research. We continue to make research the focus of all our programmes which is why you see even our undergraduate students are active participants of research projects and collaborations within India and internationally too.”
Among the previously ranked Indian institutions, Amrita University saw an impressive rise in the 2019 table—from the 801-1,000 band to 601-800 this year-—with particular improvement in its citation impact (research influence) score.
Times Emerging Economies
India has improved its showing in the prestigious university rankings of Times Higher Education Emerging Economies with 49 institutions making it to the list, including 25 in the top 200.
China remains the most represented nation in the annual 2019 listing, claiming four of the table’s top five positions with Tsinghua University topping the chart, according to the London-based Times Higher Education (THE), a global organisation that produces data, analysis and expertise on higher education.
Leading India again is the Indian Institute of Science (14th), followed by the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (27th). However, both of them slipped back a place this year, due to increased competition.
The 2019 ranking comprises nearly 450 universities — expanded from 378 last year — from 43 countries, across four continents. This year’s table presents a mixed picture for India, with several new entrants and high risers, alongside institutions that dropped back.
India has increased its representation in the Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings with 49 universities in the list as compared to 42 in 2018, the organisation said. India has 25 universities in the top 200, a rise from 17 last year, it said.
IIT Roorkee, however, scales 21 places — and into the top 40 — at 35th, thanks to improvements in its research (volume, income and reputation) and industry income (knowledge transfer). Indian Institute of Technology Indore (61st) and JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research (joint 64th) are the highest new entrants for India this year.
Savitribai Phule Pune University climbs 87 positions to joint 93rd, alongside the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Banaras Hindu University and Amrita University both scaled this year into the top 150, while the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune and IIT Hyderabad featured for the first time in this group.
Ellie Bothwell, global rankings editor for THE, said: “Indian institutions have immense potential for success. In this year’s table, India's institutions perform well in teaching. However, they are significantly behind the global average in terms of international outlook”.
Indian universities, among the world’s Top 400 in 2019 and 2020
For the first time, Indian technical institutions have found place among the top 50 in QS World University Ranking by subject, with IIT-Bombay and IIT-Delhi occupying the 44th and 47th rank, respectively, this year in engineering & technology.
India also improved its presence in the top 100 list with five institutions featuring this year as against three in last year’s rankings. In the arts and humanities category, Jawaharlal Nehru University improved its ranking from 166 to 164 among the top 500 universities with the University of Delhi too featuring among the top 250 in this category.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology is at pole position for the eighth year in a row. In the second and third positions are Stanford and Cambridge, respectively.
Delhi has the most number of institutions from India among the top 200 with IIT-Delhi and DU again featuring in the social science & management category.
AIIMS ranks 231 in medicine category
AIIMS has been ranked 231 in life science & medicine category, improving its rank from 338 in 2019. IIM-Ahmedabad and IIM-Bangalore rank in the 51-100 band for business & management studies. Globally, Harvard, INSEAD and London Business School occupy the top three places. With design technology picking up pace, the National Institute of Design ranked in the 101-150 band. The Royal College of Art, UK, topped the charts in this category.
In terms of overall ranks, IIT-B occupies the 152nd position, 10 spots higher as compared to last year. IIT-Delhi comes next at the 182nd (172 in 2019) place, followed closely by the Indian Institute of Science at 184th. Among traditional universities, DU is ranked 474, followed by Hyderabad and Jadavpur. The Universities of Mumbai and Pune remain in the 801-1001 band of rankings.
Union HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal said: “It is a significant achievement of our premier engineering institutions, which has made India proud.” IIT-D director V Ramgopal Rao said: “We are very happy to see a significant improvement in our rankings. This is a result of the various measures we have taken in the institute on boosting the research ecosystem, bettering teacher-student ratio and strengthening our connect with external stakeholders in the last three years. The number of international students has gone up to 130, most of them pursuing their masters and PhD.”
India features among top 15 countries with universities producing the most employable graduates. In the Employability Rankings 2020, India has improved its ranking from 23 in 2010 to 15 in 2020, even as UK and US varsities showed declined.
The study by Times Higher Education (THE) and French consultancy, Emerging, for most employable locations for higher education, shows how top institutions in the US and the UK have masked the general decline of American and British universities in terms of employability. Countries, which have been taking employability more seriously over the past 10 years, are becoming more attractive than the US and the UK for students.
IIT-D climbs to 27th spot on list of top 250 global univs
India (15th) has been one of the high performers for employability over the last decade along with Germany (ranked 3rd), China (5th) and South Korea (9th). India also increased its representation in the top 250 universities worldwide — from four in 2019 to six in 2020. A notable performer is IIT-Delhi, which ranked 149th in 2014 and moved up to 27th in 2020.
As the Covid-19 situation has made finding work difficult for graduates, the study says students and parents are even more driven by the ability to get job rather than the reputation of a university. Although California Institute of Technology (1st), MIT (2nd) and Harvard (3rd) continue to dominate, there has been a general decline in higher education in the US. Its country score fell by 51% in the last 10 years — from 4,227 in 2010 to 2,067 in 2020.
The UK, too, where a small group of elite institutions are covering the general decline of its higher education system, fell from 2nd position in 2010 to 4th in 2020 in terms of best performing countries for employability. Its country score dropped by 46% in 10 years (1299 in 2010 to 697 in 2020). China’s country score saw an increase of 132% over the past 10 years (208 in 2010 to 481 in 2020).
Times Higher Education: No Indian university in top 300
The new world university rankings came as a mixed bag for India, with no university featured in the top 300 for the first time since 2012. The total number of entries from the country, however, went up from 49 in 2018 to 56 this year.
The high point for India was Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar making it to the top 350 on its debut in the list. It now is the joint Indian topper with Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. In total, there are six Indian universities in the top 500 in this year’s Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2020 as against five in the 2019 rankings. Overall, University of Oxford continues to lead the pack for the fourth consecutive year.
With the increase in number of Indian universities in the overall 1,300-university list from 92 countries, India is the fifth most-represented nation in the rankings. 10 Indian universities which participated for the first time made it to the list. The fall of IISc from the 251-300 to 301-350 cohort this year is attributed to a significant dip in its citation impact score offsetting improvements in research environment, teaching environment and industry income. However, the Bengaluru-based institute still ranks highest among all others in India.
THE rankings editor Ellie Bothwell said: “India has a huge amount of potential in global higher education, given its rapidly growing youth population and economy and use of English-language instruction. However, it is disappointing to see the country fall out of the top 300 of the rankings this year, with only a small number of institutions registering progress. The Indian government has strong ambitions to boost the global standing of its top universities and attract foreign students, academics and research collaboration. It now needs to back up these aspirations with high levels of investment or risk declining further amid increasing global competition, especially from other parts of Asia.”
According to THE, the best Indian institutions are generally characterised by relatively strong scores for teaching environment and industry income, but perform poorly when it comes to international outlook.
Apart from IISc, six other Indian universities fall into a lower band this year, though the bulk of the nation’s institutions more or less remained stable. There were a few who have risen, including IIT-Delhi and IIT-Kharagpur and Jamia Millia Islamia. Mainland China now hosts the top two universities in Asia with Tsinghua at 23rd place and Peking at 24th.
Twelve Indian universities and higher education institutions have achieved top-100 positions in their subject. In total, 25 Indian programmes achieved top-100 positions, one fewer than in 2020, in the 11th edition of the QS World University Rankings by subject.
Two Institutes of Eminence (IoE) achieve top-50 ranks for mineral and mining engineering: IIT-Bombay (41st, no change) and IIT Kharagpur (44th, up two places). These, along with IIT-Madras’s 30th-place rank for petroleum engineering, are the highest ranks achieved by the government-run IoE across this year’s subject rankings. IISc Bangalore retains top-100 ranks for materials science (78th) and chemistry (93rd). IIT-Delhi is ranked in 13 subject tables. It achieves top-100 ranks in electrical and electronic engineering (54th, down from 49th in 2020), computer science (70th), and mechanical engineering (79th).
The 2021 QS’s global university performance comparison offers independent data on the performance of 253 programmes at 52 Indian higher education institutions, across 51 academic disciplines. QS also finds that two Indian universities achieve top-100 ranks for business and management — IIM-Bangalore (76th) and IIM-Ahmedabad (80th).
QS notes that India remains at the forefront of global environmental science research. Data from QS’s research partners at Elsevier indicates that India ranks 5th in terms of its research footprint in this field behind Germany, China, the UK, and the US. Six Indian universities are featured in QS’s environmental sciences ranking, with IIT-Bombay and IIT-Kharagpur (151-200) attaining top-200 positions, and IIT-Guwahati newly-ranked this year (401-250 band).
Times Higher Education
IISc is back among top 15 in Times Higher Edu rankings
The Indian Institute of Science (Bengaluru) has got back into the top 15 (14th rank), climbing two spots, while Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata (155th) took a major leap after being ranked in the 301-350 band earlier, as per latest Times Higher Education (emerging economies) ranking, reports Manash Gohain.
However, unlike in 2020 when 11 Indian institutions featured in top 100, there are just three in 2021, primarily because the seven old IITs didn’t participate in the rankings. Besides IISc (Bengaluru), IIT-Ropar (71) and IIT-Indore (79) are in top 100. There are 17 Indian institutions in top 200 this year, down from last year’s 22.
Secondary emerging countries have shown the best improvement in rankings with a record number of 606 universities qualifying for the 2021 ranking, a 14% increase from 2020 (533). China became the first country or region to hold all of the top 5 places in the ranking since it was launched in 2014. Of the 258 ranked last year, 55% improved or maintained their previous ranking positions. This was driven by institutions from Pakistan (77%), China (77%), and Russia (54%) improving or maintaining on last year’s performance.
China and Russia dominate the top 100. Universities from emerging economies are improving at a much faster rate than those around the rest of the world.
QS World University Rankings 2022 (June 2021)
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore has been ranked as the world’s top research university, achieving a perfect score of 100 on 100, the metric of citations per faculty (CPF) indicator, ahead of varsities like Princeton, Harvard, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology and Caltech.
IIT-Guwahati too emerged as a top research institution from India, being ranked 41st for CPF (which measures research impact) among the top 50 globally. The results accounted for the distribution and performance of 14.7 million academic papers published between 2015 and 2019, and the 96 million citations received by those papers. QS World University Rankings 2022, released on Wednesday, has been done among 13,000 varsities, 145 more than in last year’s edition, from across 197 locations this year.
Indian universities have made consistent progress in QS’s Academic Reputation (AR) metric with 20 of the 35 entrants having improved their scores. In the overall rankings, despite having fallen five places from 2021 rankings, IIT-Bombay is India’s top ranked institution for the fourth consecutive year at the world university rankings, conducted by the QS Quacquarelli Symonds, global higher education analysts.
There are also recordbreaking performances by some of India’s IITs. IIT-Delhi has become India’s secondbest university, having risen from 193rd to 185th, overtaking IISc Bangalore, which ranks joint-186th.
Among other top performers, IIT-Madras has risen 20 places, and now ranks joint-255th, which is its highest position since 2017. IITKharagpur also improved its performance and is ranked at 280th, while IIT Guwahati (joint-395th) enters the global top-400 for the first time ever.
Globally, Massachusetts Institute of Technology achieves a record-extending 10th consecutive year as world No. 1. The University of Oxford is second , while Stanford University and the University of Cambridge share the third spot.
QS: 2022, April
New Delhi: India’s highestranked university is Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences for Dentistry, Tamil Nadu, which debuts in the 18th position, while another new entrant, Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad, is the second-highest ranked university at 26th place in engineering (mineral and mining), as per the latest QS World University Rankings by subject announced.
Also, four-and-a-half years after the inception of India’s Institutes of Eminence (IoE) scheme, its varsities have gained moderate ground on the global stage. Of the eight declared public IoE, four have increased representation among the global Top-100, while two programmes have fallen out of the club for their academic discipline over last year. In total, 35 Indian programs achieved Top-100 po- sitions — ten more than in 2021’s edition of the tables.
The 2022 Rankings show five programmes at public IoE have broken into the Top-100 positions, with IISc jumping from 113th to 98th in mechanical engineering and bagging the 91st position (from 112th earlier) in physics and astronomy.
Apart from IISc, IIT-Madras now ranks in the 51-100 band for civil and structural engineering (previously 101-150), IIT-Delhi stands 92nd for chemical engineering (previously 101-150 band) and IIT-Bombay holds 99th position in materials science (101-150 band previously).
Two Indian universities, IIM-Bangalore and IIM-Ahmedabad, also achieved Top-100 ranks in business and management, while India’s most-improved entry is in pharmacy and pharmacology, with the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Mohali, rising over a hundred places year-on-year.
Times Higher Education Rankings by Subject ‘2022’
Karnataka’s JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research has broken into the top 100 in clinical and health studies of the Times Higher Education ‘World University Rankings by Subject-2022’.
THE’s rankings of 1,523 universities in 98 countries as per the quality of education provided in clinical and health, life sciences, physical sciences and psychology were released on Thursday. IISc-Bengaluru improved its ranking to enter the list of top 200 in life sciences and also broke into the top 300 in physical sciences.
Unranked last year, JSS Academy bagged the 93rd position in the latest rankings. BHU, which is ranked in the 251-300 group, also improved its ranking. The other Indian university in the top 400 in a pool of 925 institutions is Manipal Academy of Higher Education in the 301-400 group.
Globally, four countries and regions are home to the top 10 universities for clinical and health studies. The UK and US have claimed four places each, with the UK’s University of Oxford retaining top spot for the eleventh consecutive year and Harvard University in the US holding onto second place.
While IISc moved from top 300 to top 200 in life sciences, the other Indian institution making big gains is Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, which moved from top 600 to top 300. In physical sciences, IISc is ranked in the 251-300 group and Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar in the 301-400 group. In psychology, Delhi University is the lone Indian representative.
2023 (i.e. 2022)
Center for World University rankings
The Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) – publisher of the largest academic ranking of global universities – has drawn attention to the rise of academia in China and inadequate research funding in India in its 2023 report.
Analysing 62 million outcome-based data points across 20,531 universities this year, it has based its findings on four factors: quality of education (25%), employability (25%), quality of faculty (10%), and research performance (40%).
The good news is that 64 Indian universities, led by the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad, feature on the list. On the downside, Indian institutions are struggling to keep their place, just as up to 80% of American universities and 60% of those in the UK have slid from their ranks due to intensified global competition from well-funded institutions, particularly those in China.
Mixed Bag For India
In CWUR’s ‘Global 2000’ report, 32 universities from India improved from last year and three kept their places, but 29 dropped in the rankings. Not a single Indian university is among the top 10 in Asia. The main factor for the decline of nearly half of the Indian universities is research performance amid intensified global competition from well-funded institutions.
While IIM-A rose two spots to 419th place, it declined in the quality of education indicator. Indian Institute of Science fell three spots to 4 91, while Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay climbed 10 spots to 554th, ahead of IIT-Madras at number 570. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was at the 580th position. The Indian top 10 is rounded off by IIT-Delhi (607), University of Delhi (621), IIT-Kharagpur (721), Panjab University (759), and IIT-Kanpur (823).
Harvard Stays On Top
For the 12th year in a row, Harvard University has topped Global 2000, followed by two other private US institutions – MIT and Stanford. While the UK’s Cambridge and Oxford – ranking fourth and fifth, respectively – are the world’s top public higher education institutions. The rest of the global top 10 are again private US universities: Princeton, Chicago, Columbia, Pennsylvania and Yale.
America Has Reason To Worry
The US, despite claiming eight of the top 10 places globally, is struggling to maintain its dominance, with nearly 80% of American universities slipping. In the Global 2000, only 49 US institutions improved from last year, 21 maintained their positions, and 262 dropped down. All Ivy League institutions feature in the global top 70 this year. The top US public university is Berkeley, ranking 12th worldwide, one spot behind Caltech. Overall, the US is the most represented country with 332 institutions – three less than last year. Canada has 40 institutions in the table, led by the University of Toronto at number 23.
Europe Loses Ground
Europe remains a power player with 640 institutions in the top 2000, but the overall picture is grim. In the UK, Cambridge and Oxford’s success masks the decline of nearly 60% of the institutions. Only 32 universities improved from last year, while six maintained their positions and 55 slipped. Of Russell Group’s 24 research-intensive universities, six rank higher than last year, four have maintained their spots, and 14 rank lower. Overall, the UK has 93 representatives – one less than last year – in the Global 2000. France has five universities in the top 50 – two less than the UK. The top French institution for the fourth year in a row is PSL University, ranking 21st worldwide. Only 18 French institutions fare better than last year, with one maintaining its spot, and 57 slipping down the rankings. In all, France has 76 institutions – one less than last year – among the world’s best 2,000 universities.
Germany has 69 institutions in the table this year, led by the University of Munich at number 46. The country sees a sharp overall drop in the rankings, with 59 universities declining.
Russia has 43 representatives in the Global top 2,000 – one more than last year – with 14 institutionsmoving up, two maintaining their positions, and 27 falling in the rankings. The top Russian university this year is Moscow State University, ranking 217th worldwide.
The top 10 universities in Europe this year are: Cambridge (UK, 4th), Oxford (UK, 5th), UCL (UK, 19th), PSL (France, 21st), Imperial College (UK, 29th), ETH Zurich (Switzerland, 30th), Paris Saclay (France, 32nd), Copenhagen (Denmark, 35th), Karolinska Institute (Sweden, 38th), and Paris City University (France, 39th).
Japan Leads Asia
It is a mixed picture for Asia. China’s rapid rise in the standings is due to the country’s continued investment in higher education, especially under the Double First-Class University Plan. Ninety-six percent of Chinese universities rank better than last year, led by Tsinghua University at number 44. All nine institutions of the C9 League, the Chinese version of the US Ivy League, saw improvements this year. In total, China has 314 representatives among the world’s top 2,000 universities, up from 302 a year ago. While the University of Tokyo is still Asia’s highest ranked institution – ranking 13th worldwide – 86% of Japan’s 114 representatives lost ground this year as a result of the government’s low expenditure on tertiary education in prior years. The top 10 universities in Asia this year are: Tokyo (Japan, 13th), Kyoto (Japan, 27th), Seoul National University (South Korea, 31st), Tsinghua (China, 44th), Peking (China, 49th), University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China, 55th), Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel, 70th), Shanghai Jiao Tong (China, 74th), National University of Singapore (Singapore, 81st), and Zhejiang (China, 85th).
New Delhi: Having gained 31 places in this year’s QS World University Rakings, IIScBengaluru is now the fastestrising South Asian university, inching closer to the global Top 150. It has also held its position as the world’s top research university, ahead of (in the descending order of rank in research) Harvard, Princeton University, California Institute of Technology, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
This year, three others — IITs in Guwahati (37th) and Roorkee (47th) and new entrant University of Madras (48th) — also made it to the elite list of global Top 50 research institutions.
With 12 of the 41 Indian universities improving their positions in the latest QS rankings, IISc (155) raced ahead of IIT-Bombay (172), which was last year’s India leader at 177. Indian institutions, however, continue to struggle in the QS’s internationalisation metrics. As many as 30 universities have suffered declines in the QS faculty/ student ratio indicator. Top universities like Delhi University (from 501-510 to 521- 530), University of Hyderabad (from 651-700 to 751-800), JNU (from 561-570 to 601-650), Jamia Millia Islamia (from 751-800 to 801-1000), IIT-Bhubaneswar (from 701-750 to 801-1000) and Jadavpur University (from 651-700 to 701-750) have seen a decline in their rankings.
The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) on Thursday re- leased the 19th edition of its university rankings. Globally, the Top 5 — MIT (11th consecutive year), Cambridge, Stanford, Oxford and Harvard — from last year remain unchanged barring swapping positions.
The India story is led by government-run institutions with the Institution of Eminence (IoE) tag, as five of the Top 10 are from this category. While IIT-Bombay has risen five places, IIT-Delhi (India’s third) has climbed 11 places.
Moreover, University of Calcutta boasts the highest percentage of female students (63%). Amity University employs the highest percentage of female faculty (58%).
Indian universities stagnate in QS’s academic reputa- tion (AR) metric with 17 having experienced drops in ranks. In the QS’s employer reputation metric, IIT-Bombay and IIT-Delhi are the only two national universities to feature in the world’s Top 100 in this crucial metric, ranking 59th and 72nd respectively. Founder of Quacquarelli Symonds, Nunzio Quacquarelli, in an exclusive interaction, told TOIIndian institutions can make rapid progress if they focus on “international outreach with the higher education system globally”.
“NEP 2020 calls for a more proactive internationalisation of education. The international student and faculty ratios of Indian universities is amongst the lowest of any major OECD country. And then even employer reputation, although India has a very good employment outcome, employer relations are very domestic oriented. They haven’t really developed the course or digital capability to appeal to international employers. The drive for internationalisation is something that will change things quite quickly. Because India has such a strong foundation in research and talent, I think all of these things can be improved relatively quickly now,” he said.
QS Asia rankings, 2023
MUMBAI: IIT Bombay improved its rank in the 15th QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) annual list of Asia’s best universities. It now stands at number 40, up from last year’s 42. It is followed by IIT Delhi at 46, down a rank from 45, and IISc that has bettered its position to 52 from 56.
For the first time ever, Peking University claimed Asia’s top spot, interrupting the National University of Singapore (NUS)’s four-year run as the region’s best university. NUS fell to second place while another Chinese institution, Tsinghua University, stood third, breaking back into the regional top 3 after falling to fifth spot in last year’s rankings. India is the region’s second most represented location, with 118 featured institutions, just behind China (Mainland) with 128, and above Japan with 106.
IIT-B is the national leader in both QS’ reputational indicators. Notably, it is among Asia’s Top 20 for employer reputation. Twenty-four Indian universities rank among the region’s Top 50 for the ‘staff with a PhD’ indicator and IIT Kharagpur is the national leader and Asia’s third-highest ranked in this metric. Alongside the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Anna University and Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, are among Asia’s five most prolific research institutions. ‘Papers per faculty’ is also the only indicator in which the majority of India’s universities improved, with 58 moving up the ranking. IISc (52nd) produced the region’s second-highest amount of research, behind the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Of India’s total ranked institutions, 19% improved, 66% declined and 14% remain stable in their ranking.
Chandigarh University was Asia’s most improved university, climbing 68 positions to the 185th place. This is due to gains in 9 of 11 QS’ metrics most prominently in international research network. Anna University is Asia’s third most improved university. India produced 21% of its overall research output alongside cross-border collaborators, and this collaborative research was responsible for 40% of its total citations over the past three years.
NEW DELHI: IIT-Bombay is India's best in QS' sustainable education indicator. This metric focuses on the extent to which institutions are educating students to both understand and make a difference to the environment. The IIT is also among the world's top 100 in employment and opportunities, indicating strong alumni outcomes and graduate employability.
Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University takes India's top-spot in equality, which analyses research output aligned to United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 5 and 10 (gender equality and reducing inequalities) as well as a range of diversity and measurable inclusivity elements. Delhi University is India's best in knowledge exchange, suggesting a high level of domestic and international collaboration in research to advance knowledge and improve academic standards around the globe.
In the latest QS World University Rankings: Sustainability 2023, University of California, Berkeley (UCB), US and University of Toronto, Canada are the global leaders. The sustainability rankings are a new framework to evaluate how universities are taking action to tackle the world's most pressing environmental and social issues. The results see 15 Indian universities ranked, with the IIT-B taking the country's highest rank, placing it in the 281-300 band globally. IIT-B is followed by IIT-Delhi (321-340) and JNU (361-380) in the latest global sustainable education list. IIT-Delhi is India's highest scorer of sustainable institutions, which assesses the institutional strategy and operations directed towards an environmentally sustainable future.
For sustainable research and quality of life, IIT-Kharagpur (551-600) is India's best which measures the impact and volume of research in areas aligned to specific SDGs. Andrew MacFarlane, manager, QS Ranking, said: "This ranking looks for signs that the university is both committed to, and is already making a difference, to the society it exists within and depends on. By highlighting the impact of their alumni, the alignment of their research to the SDGs or their policies and governance, we hope this ranking will serve to further intensify the efforts of universities to help meet the global challenges we all face."
2023: Times higher education
NEW DELHI: Even as the top Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) continue to boycott the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2023 for the third consecutive year, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore improved its rank to be the only university in the top 300.
Interestingly universities ranked lower in the India Rankings by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) as well as QS World University Rankings 2023 have raced ahead of higher education institutions like Jawaharlal Nehru University (NIRF 2), Jamia Millia Islamia (NIRF 3), Banaras Hindu University (NIRF 6) and Aligarh Muslim University (NIRF 11) raising more question on the ranking parameters and transparency, an issue which has also been raised by the boycotting IITs.
Announcing the rankings on Wednesday morning, THE stated that its latest rankings have a record number of Indian universities represented this year. "India has 75 institutes in the 2023 Rankings, compared to 56 in 2020 and just 31 Indian universities in 2017. India is the sixth most-represented nation in the rankings. Indian Institute of Science is India's best performing university (251-300) and India has six new additions to the 2023 Rankings. India's best performing newcomer, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences (351-400), jumps straight to India's joint-second place."
India has five universities in the world top 500 and nine institutions in the top 600 - up from six in 2022. Globally, UK's University of Oxford retains the top spot for the seventh consecutive year. A record number of 1,799 universities from 104 countries and regions are ranked, 137 more than last year. The number of US universities represented in the top 100 continues to fall, from a peak of 43 in 2018, to 34 this year.
While IISc (NIRF 1), IITs, NITs and universities like JNU, Jamia or Delhi University traditionally top among Indian institutions in majority of the global as well as national rankings, the THE rankings since 2000 has been conspicuous with the top technical institutions missing from the lists.
Seven IITs - Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee, had in 2020 opted out of THE World University Rankings raising doubts over the transparency and parameters of the rankings. "The seven IITs will not participate in the ranking this year," the institutes had then said in a joint statement.
Because there are some detailed ranking charts there is a separate page on Indian universities: global ranking, 2024
Education: India (covers issues common to all categories of Education) <> Indian universities: national ranking <> Engineering education: India <> Higher Education: India <> Medical education and research: India <> Primary Education: India <> School education: India (covers issues common to Primary and Secondary Education) <> Secondary Education: India <>
Indian universities: global ranking
...and many more.