Ladakh: Chinese incursions

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Ladakh: Chinese incursions

In a first, Chinese military acknowledges 2013 Ladakh incursion PTI [1] | Jul 31, 2014

Depsang valley: 2013

In July 2014, for the first time, the Chinese military acknowledged 2013's incursion at the Depsang valley in Ladakh region and said such incidents occurred due to different perception about the line of actual control.

"[In 2013] there was some incident in the border region. All the issues have been properly solved though negotiations," Colonel Geng Yansheng, spokesman for the ministry of national defence said.

However, he did not specifically mention the Depsang valley by name where the People's Liberation Army (PLA) troops pitched tents to assert their control over the area in April 2013.

"The boundary line has not been demarcated and both sides has different interpretation on the line of actual control," he said.

The incident at Depsang valley, which took place ahead of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang's visit to India in May 2013, had created military and diplomatic tensions but was resolved after hectic round of negotiations following which the Chinese troops withdrew. ==July 2014: intrusion by Chinese herdsmen Several such incidents including an intrusion by Chinese herdsmen at Ladakh region have taken place but resolved amicably.

The Chinese explanation

"China India border issue is left over from history. The boundary line between the countries has not been demarcated. Both sides have different interpretations of the LAC," he said.

"The two governments had reached important consensus on resolving the disputes in the border areas," he said and referred to the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) which was signed last year to address aggressive patrolling of the disputed border by both sides.

In October 2013, both sides signed BDCA in which they reaffirmed the principle not to carry out respective military capabilities against each other and proposed confidence building measures, Geng said.

"For example to set up hotlines line between the two militaries and to conduct periodic meeting between the area command and operational departments and to exercise maximum restraint when a stand off occurs," he said.

Both sides in 2014 made efforts to operationalize the BDCA.

The boundary between India and China

India and China share over 4,000km of LAC. China claims approximately 90,000 sq km of territory in Arunachal Pradesh besides 38,000 sq km in Jammu & Kashmir sector.

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