Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for IITs

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This is a collection of articles archived for the excellence of their content.



Rules, criteria

Aspirants can withdraw admissions if unhappy with seat allotted

The Times of India, Jun 17, 2016

Zone-wise toppers according to different IITs; Graphic courtesy: The Times of India, June 13, 2016

Students can withdraw admission after every round

Aspirants for seats in the IITs, NITs and other centrally funded technological institutions (CFTIs) will be able to withdraw their admissions after every round if they are unhappy with the seat allotted and if they are not hopeful of getting a better seat in subsequent rounds. The Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JOSAA) for admissions to 92 institutes has decided to provide the withdrawal option after several students were inconvenienced last year when the feature was not available. The seat allotment process is likely to begin from June 24, subject to the availability of class XII scores of the various state boards. The JOSAA portal will go live on Friday with new rules and regulations for the admission process this year.

The authority also decided to include another or more rounds, if time permits, allowing the authority to fill all seats in premier institutes. In 2015, the joint seat allocation process began on July 1 after many of the 45 education boards failed to submit students' class XII scores, which is given 40% weightage while calculating JEE (Main) ranks. The authority makes use of JEE (Main) and JEE (Advanced) ranks of students for the process. “Since we started late last year, there was no time to conduct four rounds. In 2016, we plan to start by June 24, which will enable us to include more rounds. We may have four or more rounds this year, which will benefit students with lower ranks to take up seats that are vacant,“ the professor said.

“If students are allotted a seat which is lower on their preference list and would like to opt for a staterun engineering institute closer home, they will be allowed to release the seat. This seat will be made available to students in subsequent rounds.The withdrawal option will benefit students and institutes,“ said the professor.

Minimum qualification criterion, 2016

The Times of India, Aug 01 2016

Somdatta Basu  6040 admn formula now scrapped for NITs, IIITs

The Joint Entrance Examination Apex Board (JAB) has given nod to 31National Institutes of Technology (NIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST)-Shibpur, IIITs and government technology institutes to scrap the existing 6040 weightage formula for admissions.

Candidates vying for seats will have to secure atleast 75% marks in the higher secondary (HS) examination or rank among the top 20 percentile in their respective board exams. This will be the minimum qualification criterion, besides the rank secured in entrance test.

IITs and ISM-Dhanbad follow the same criteria for admissions: only after meeting the cutoffs does a student get a seat through counselling based on their IIT-JEE (Advanced) rank. “At the moment, the minimum criteria is to pass in all subjects in HS and secure 45% in the aggregate. Sixty per cent weightage is on the JEE-Main rank and 40% on board exam results.This will be no longer valid from the 2017 examination,“ a senior JAB member said.

Director of IIT-Kharagpur, Partha Pratim Chakra borty, confirmed that a circular has been issued whereby the new qualifying rules have been notified.

“The ministry of human resource development has also given the nod for the JAB proposal. If the student fails to meet the desired cutoff in the HS exam, then his her rank in the entrance test will be nullified,“ the director of an NIT said.

Sources said all the institutes are also likely to admit candidates based on the same entrance exam as IITs (JEE Advanced). “Currently , it is unlikely that JEE-Main will be scrapped because several technology colleges and institutes run by the state take in students based on their rank in JEE-Main. By the end of 2017, a decision will be taken,“ the JAB member added. The JAB is likely to take a call soon on holding the single entrance test.

The aspirants

A profile: 2022, 2023

Manash Gohain, January 23, 2023: The Times of India

A profile of JEE aspirants for the years 2022 and 2023
State wise city wise and category wise
From: Manash Gohain, January 23, 2023: The Times of India

See graphic:

A profile of JEE aspirants for the years 2022 and 2023
State wise city wise and category wise

New Delhi: Maharashtra leads with the highest number of aspirants for the JEE (Main) 2023 January session, with 1,03,039, or nearly 12% of total registrations. It is followed by UP wi th 99,714 candidates (11. 6%) and Andhra Pradesh with 91,799 candidates (10. 6%). Only two other states — Telangana (86,840) and Rajasthan (59,641) — have more than 50,000 registration s. Among cities, Delhi leads with 36,530 aspirants, followed by Hyderabad/Secunderabad (32,246) and Kota(24,253).

The entrance test for admission to engineering, architecture and planning undergraduate courses in centrallyfunded institutions like NITs and IIITs as well as the eligibility test for JEE (Advanced) for admission to IITs will commence from Tuesday. 

While the National Testing Agency (NTA) in its December notification stated January 31 was the last date of exam, the latest notification issued Saturday said there will be no test on January 27 and the exam will be on February 1 for Paper 1 (for BTech/ BE programmes).

Coaching by Good Samaritans

Central Coalfields Ltd, Ranchi

Sanjay Dutta, CCL execs engineer IIT-JEE success from poor homes, June 11, 2018: The Times of India

Every evening after finishing work, a clutch of executives of Ranchi-based Central Coalfields Ltd (CCL) begin their labour of love by coaching students from poor households for entrance exams to their former alma mater — IITs — and other prestigious engineering institutions. On Sunday, the toil of these former IITians saw two of their students qualify this year’s IIT-JEE (Advanced).

Nikhil Nishchhal, son of a farmer, and Siddhant Prasad, whose father is a tailor, are both products of the ‘CCL Ke Lal’ programme run by the staterun firm as part of its CSR (corporate social responsibility). A brainchild of company chairman Gopal Singh, the programme this year saw 11 out of the 14 selected students qualifying the JEE (Main) and two cracking the JEE (Advanced).

The scheme was launched in 2012 with 11 boys as an outreach towards poor families affected by CCL’s projects. Under the scheme, meritorious boys belonging to project-affected families are selected after Class X for free coaching by CCL executives who are IIT pass-outs themselves.

Along with the coaching, CCL also provides the selected students formal schooling for class XI and XII in one of the best schools of Ranchi — DAV Gandhinagar. Since these students are from families from far-flung areas, CCL also provides free boarding and lodging facilities in Ranchi.

Inspired by the scheme’s success, CCL has launched a similar programme for girls under the moniker, ‘CCL Ki Ladli’. The company expanded the ambit of these two schemes in September last year, with coal and railway minister Piyush Goyal launching video conferencing-based interactive ‘smart classes’.

Year-wise results, trends

2016: School boards that fared the best

The Times of India, May 13 2016

In JEE's top 100, 50 from CBSE schools

Hemali Chhapia

There is an elite JEE club -the 100 highest scorers. They are the ones who don't need to prioritise their options, they can choose their colleges and streams.

In 2016, the blue-chip club consists of 50 candidates from CBSE schools, followed by 21from the Telangana state board -two boards that saw 52% of their students make the cut in JEE (Main).

Maharashtra ranked third, with seven candidates from its state board among the top 100 JEE (Main) scorers. In all, 10,627 students from the Maharashtra state board have cleared the first hurdle and registered for JEE (Advanced), the gateway to IITs. CBSE schools saw the largest share of students clearing JEE (Main), followed by 11,040 from the Telangana board.

“Over time, we have seen that maximum students have come from CBSE. But below that, the order has altered,“ said a JEE (Advanced) official. In 2013, for instance, over 80% came from just three high school boards: CBSE and the state boards of Andhra Pradesh and Punjab.Next year, a large count of candidates was from five boards -CBSE, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Gujarat.

The biggest fall has been that of Rajasthan, which has slid to number four this year and has only one candidate among the top 100 scorers. The state's desert town of Kota, which attracts thousands of students every year, has over time nosedived in securing top slots in JEE (Main).

For long, when it came to getting into the IITs, the right coaching centre was what mattered. But the new entrance exam system has changed the rules of the game.Now, if you want to get into an IIT, it appears that passing Class XII from the right board gives you an edge.

2017: UP, Telugu states, Kota, Super 30 excel

Delhi boy 3rd in exam for IIT, topper from Haryana, June 12, 2017: The Times of India

JEE (Advanced) results, 2017, state-wise; The Times of India, June 12, 2017

Sarvesh Mehtani of Panchkula's Bhavan Vidyalaya topped the Joint Entrance Exam (Advanced), countrywide, this year. Pune boy Akshat Chugh (Delhi Public School) was all-India second (with a score of 335), and Delhi's Ananye Agarwal (Hope Hall Foundation School) was third. The merit list was announced.

Ramya Narayanasamy , from Madhapur, Hyderabad, with an all-India rank of 35, was the topper among the girls, and Shafil Maheen of Talakkad, Kerala, bagged top place in the south zone.

With 10,240 of a total of 50,455 candidates across the country , IIT-Madras zone accounted for the most successful candidates in the JEE (Advanced) test results. IIT-Bombay , with 9,893 qualifiers, was second among seven zones.

It was followed by Delhi, with 9,207 qualifiers, Kan pur (6,809), Kharagpur (6,138), Roorkee (5,050) and Guwahati (3,118), said a statement from IIT-Madras, the organising institute for JEE (Advanced) this year.

The IIT-Roorkee and IITDelhi zones each has three candidates in the top 10 ranks, IIT-Bombay has two, and Madras and Kanpur one each. The south zone also had the largest number of qualifiers in the top 100, with a total of 29.

Around 2.2 lakh students were eligible to write the JEE (Advanced) this year, with the quota increasing by 20,000 over 2016. The number of students eligible to take the test climbed from 1.5 lakh in 2015 to 2 lakh in 2016 due to an increase in IIT seats.

As many as 1.72 lakh students registered for the `Advanced' round of the entrance examination, of which 1.59 lakh -up from 1.47 lakh in 2016 -took the test for the 10,000-plus seats across the 23 IITs.

The gender gap on IIT campuses remains as wide as ever. While 33,358 girls registered for the exam, there were three times more boys (1.38 lakh). A total of 43,318 boys accounted for 86% of the successful candidates this year, with 7,137 girls qualifying.

Seven candidates qualified under the foreign category. Despite the IITs earmarking 1,000 slots for foreign can didates, only 598 foreign students registered for the Advanced round, of which 109 appeared and seven qualified.This year, foreign students had six centres to choose from, including Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Singapore, Ethiopia and the UAE.


2018: 65,000 cleared Mains, but did not take final test

Hemali Chhapia, 65,000 of those who cleared JEE (Main) not to take final test, May 9, 2018: The Times of India

Not every engineering aspirant is in thrall of IITs. The JEE (Advanced) has seen a 30% dropout rate. About 65,000-odd candidates who made the cut in the qualifying JEE (Main) did not sign up to cross the second barrier for joining IITs. Interestingly, the largest fall has been from the open category candidates.

Among them, a little more than 42% candidates who cleared the JEE (Main) did not register for the Advanced. The numbers were the best for OBC-NCL (non-creamy layer) students.

Chairman of JEE, IIT-Kanpur, professor Shalabh said, number of registrations was likely to rise a bit as details from various banks would come in a day or two.

Gender-wise, 1.2 lakh boys from the 1.8 lakh who cleared the Main registered for the Advanced. Of the 50,000 girls, 32,923 would take the Advanced test on May 20. Last year too, 1.7 lakh students of the 2.2 lakh who qualified in the JEE (Main) had registered for the second level.

“The difficulty level of Main and Advanced is very different. There may be some candidates who are likely to, based on their scores in the Main, get into an NIT in a stream of their choice or join a top engineering college,” said a faculty.

Coaching institutes said undergraduate engineering in foreign universities was also trending. Some students, who might have taken the Main as a backup plan, would have got into a top university abroad and hence did not sign up for taking the Advanced exam.

This year, the qualifying scores in the Main were scaled down so that more candidates would be eligible for the IIT entrance test. The overall cut-off for all categories slipped considerably, with the common rank list cut-off dropping from 81 to 74. A total of 2.3 lakh candidates qualified for the Advanced exam, including 1.8 lakh boys and 50,000 girls.

Interestingly, of this year’s total candidates who qualified to take the Advanced exam, 1.1 lakh were from the general category. A little more than 65,313 were OBC-NCL, 34,425 were SC and 17,256 were ST candidates.

2018/ Only 36 foreign students registered in 2018

Yogita Rao, Not elite? Only 36 foreign students register for JEE(A), May 13, 2018: The Times of India

Despite holding a good ground in global rankings, IITs have failed to catch the fancy of international aspirants this year. Only 36 candidates have registered for JEE (Advanced)—the entry level test for admission to IITs—this year as against 69 last year. Eventually, only 31 appeared for the test last year and seven qualified.

Not just the rankings, IITs, on their own, have been taking mindful efforts in the last few years to increase students’ diversity on campus. Only last year, the premier institutes decided to reach out to international students in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Singapore, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and the UAE, and have been holding exams at these centres. “We have been releasing admission details from time to time on our website and are also taking all measures to promote the institutes in these countries. We approach the Indian embassies in the selected countries with all the admission data required to ensure a smooth conduct of the test,” said an official from the JEE (advanced) committee.

However, the efforts are not translating into numbers for the country’s elite group of institutes. “Our country has to offer good liveable conditions, safety and security, better social conditions to international students to make it a lucrative destination. Why do our students prefer studying in the western part of Europe and not Eastern Europe? Why do we prefer going to Northern America instead of south. It is the same case here. People look at options to study abroad also for a prospective career destination. Holding exams in select countries may not yield desirable results,” said a professor.

2018: a 64% drop in IIT qualifiers

Hemali Chhapia, JEE (A) shocker: 64% drop in IIT qualifiers, June 11, 2018: The Times of India

The number of candidates qualifying for IITs dipped to 18,138, from 50,455 last year, in the JEE (Advanced) results declared on Sunday. The 64% drop in the number of qualified candidates has raised doubts whether there are enough students to fill all the seats at the premier Indian Institutes of Technology.

Pranav Goyal from Panchkula district of Haryana topped the exam scoring 337/360. Five of the top ten ranks have been secured by candidates from Kota, with the coaching capital reinforcing its position as the mecca for preparation for the JEE (Advanced). And, for a first time, two candidates from the physically challenged category have made it to the elite club: Lay Jain (all India rank

9) and Neel Gupta (10th).

“This is a happy situation where the two boys have overcome so many odds to make it to the top,” said M L Shar ma, JEE (A) chair man from IIT Roorkee. Asked about the fall in number of students making the cut, he said that as the minimum qualifying scores were already pre-defined, the IITs found that fewer candidates had scored 10% in each subject and 35% in aggregate.

“We have qualified 1.6 times the number of candidates to the seats available in all the IITs,” said professor Shalabh S, JEE Advanced chairman from IIT Kanpur, the organising school for the entrance exam.

This year, a total of 2,076 (12%) girls have qualified, a 14% drop from last year’s 7,137.

Delhi zone tops: IIT-Delhi zone accounted for the largest number of candidates who qualified from north India. Not only have 5,072 or almost 28% of students who made the cut come from here, but even among the top 10 five are from the Delhi zone. One in every three in the top 100 is from this zone and the largest count of top-500 rankers also come from the Delhi zone (152).

MHRD asks IITs to lower cut-off marks

Hemali Chhapia & Manash Pratim Gohain, 32k to qualify JEE(A) as MHRD asks IITs to lower cutoff marks, June 15, 2018: The Times of India

1,000 Seats Would Have Gone Vacant

In a dramatic turn of events, the IITs that were confident of filling seats across campuses with a small pool of 18,000-odd candidates were asked to lower their entry bar by the Union ministry of human resources and development (MHRD) on Thursday. In Monday’s edition, after the JEE (Advanced) results were declared on Sunday, TOI was the only paper to raise doubts on whether all seats would be filled.

R Subrahmanyam, secretary, higher education, MHRD, said: “The ministry intervened as otherwise over a 1,000 seats would have remained vacant. The extended list will be issued by IIT-Kanpur. The first merit list would have been inadequate to fill up all the seats.”

The lowering of cutoff is being looked upon as interference from the big bosses, but premier engineering schools were asked to drop their cutoffs such that there were twice as many candidates as the number of seats. Result: With the cutoff falling to 90 from 126, there are now 31,988 qualified candidates, up from 18,138. Earlier, without the preparatory course, there were 14,304 candidates. The number of qualified overseas citizen of India candidates also went up to 90, persons of Indian origin increased to 15 and foreign students to four. The IITs have a total student intake capacity of 11,279.

IITs also had to relax the score for other backward classes (OBCs), and 1,345 were added to the OBC pool by relaxing the score of the last general category candidate by 10%. The situation got worse with the other categories. While 732 scheduled caste students and 243 scheduled tribe students qualified without any relaxation, more than thrice that number, in each category, made the cut after a 50% relaxation in scores.

“This will not affect the list of previously declared qualified candidates,” said the joint admission board.


The toppers

June 15, 2019: The Times of India

Maha boy tops JEE-A, Delhi teen ranks 3rd

New Delhi:

Maharashtra boy Kartikey Chandresh Gupta scored 346 marks out of 372 to top the JEE (Advanced) 2019. Shabnam Sahay from Ahmedabad is the topper (10 on the combined list) among female candidates. She got 308 marks out of 372.

Himanshu Gaurav Singh from Allahabad and Delhi’s Archit Bubna were ranked all-India second and third, respectively. D Chandrasekhara S S Hethahavya from Hyderabad is the topper in the EWS category.

IIT-Roorkee announced the results on Friday. There are around 11,500 undergraduate seats in the 23 IITs. JEE (Advanced) is the second stage of the examination for admission to the four-year undergraduate courses at the IITs.

JEE results out, allotment of seats to begin from June 19

Some other institutions, like the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, and the Indian Institute of Science, also use JEE (Advanced) scores as the basis for admission.

The exam is conducted by the seven zonal IITs on a rotational basis as per the guidelines of joint admission board, the IIT exam governing body. HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal congratulated students who had cleared the exam.

A total of 1,61,319 candidates appeared in Papers 1 and 2 and, of these, 38,705 qualified. Of those who qualified, 15,566 were general candidates (5,356 of them girls), 3,636 EWS candidates, 7,651 OBC candidates, 8,758 SC candidates and 3,094 ST candidates. The joint seat allocation authority will conduct seat allotment online from June 19 to July 17. Jo-SAA will also conduct counselling for NITs and IIITs on the basis of the JEE Main scores.


Hemali Chhapia, September 12, 2020: The Times of India

Twenty-four candidates scored 100 percentile in the Joint Entrance Examination-Mains (JEE-mains). The National Testing Agency announced the results and final merit list from the performances of January and September cycle results.

Eight candidates from Telangana feature in the top 24, followed by five from Delhi, four from Rajasthan, three from Andhra Pradesh, two from Haryana, and one each from Gujarat and Maharashtra. Maharashtra’s girl topper Indrayani Tayade 99.97 is from Nagpur.

Swayam Shashank Chube, who stood fifth, utilised all his time to prepare for the entrance exam. After his first attempt in January, he upped his score by about 20 marks, from 276 to 296 to ace the JEE (main) with a perfect 100 percentile to become the state topper.

“The NCERT books were his Bible and Swayam made it a point to give enough time to all the three subjects, maths, physics and chemistry,” his mother Naina Chube said. The family temporarily moved from Dadar and rented an apartment in Marol as it was closer to Swayam’s classes so he would not lose time in travelling.

The JEE (mains) for admission to engineering colleges was conducted in January 202 and from September 1 to 6, amid stringent precautions and social distancing measures in view of Covid-19 pandemic. Based on the results of the JEE-Mains Paper 1 and Paper 2, the top 2.45 lakh candidates will be eligible to appear for the JEE-Advanced exam, which is a one-stop exam to get admission into the 23 premier Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). JEE-Advanced is scheduled to take place on September 27.

See also

Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

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