This article has been extracted from
THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF INDIA , 1908.
OXFORD, AT THE CLARENDON PRESS.
Note: National, provincial and district boundaries have changed considerably since 1908. Typically, old states, ‘divisions’ and districts have been broken into smaller units, and many tahsils upgraded to districts. Some units have since been renamed. Therefore, this article is being posted mainly for its historical value.
One of the largest rivers in Afghanistan, with a total length of not less than 500 miles. It rises (34° 50' N., 66^' 20' E.) at a point where the Koh-i-Baba range branches off into the Siah-Bubak and Safed Koh ranges, which form its northern and southern watersheds. After a westerly course of about 280 miles past Herat and Ghorian, where it affords considerable irrigation, it turns northwards at Kuhsan to Sarakhs, and forms part of the western boundary of Afghanistan, finally losing itself in the Tejend oasis.