Gender equality: India

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Unpaid labour/ household work

2017: India and other countries

Indian women do most household work, while men do very little, November 1, 2018: The Times of India

India and other countries- the disparity between men and women spending time on household chores, presumably as in 2017
From: Indian women do most household work, while men do very little, November 1, 2018: The Times of India

See graphic:

India and other countries- the disparity between men and women spending time on household chores, presumably as in 2017


Indian women spend nearly six hours a day on household chores, apart from paid work, while men put in less than an hour on the unpaid labour. This work includes cooking, cleaning, taking care of children, and other activities that require a household to function. Most of such work is disproportionately shouldered by women across the globe. In Canada, though, the disparity between men and women spending time on household chores is the least. Here's a look:

Rights

… in India and the world: 2018

Women’s rights in India and the world: 2018
From: March 16, 2019: The Times of India


See graphic:

Women’s rights in India and the world: 2018

YEAR-WISE DEVELOPMENTS

2019

India slightly better than neighbours

Ambika Pandit, Dec 10, 2019 Times of India


The Human Development Report 2019’s gender social norms index indicates that more than half the world’s people have a high intensity bias against gender equality and women’s empowerment with India actually seeing a backlash. The report also shows that India is only marginally better than the south Asian average on Gender Development Index (0.829 versus 0.828), and ranks at a low 122 of 162 countries on the 2018 Gender Inequality Index.

The data on various dimensions studied for arriving at India’s GDI for 2018 shows that life expectancy at birth for males was 68.2 and for females it was 70.7. Expected years of schooling in case of females was 12.9 and males it was 11.9. Mean years of schooling for males was 8.2 and for females it was 4.7. GNI per capita for females was Rs 2,625 and for males it was 10,712.

The report also puts out a Gender Inequality Index that reflects gender based inequalities in three dimensions - reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity. India has a GII value of 0.501, ranking it 122 out of 162 countries in the 2018 index.


2019: India slips 4 spots to 112

Dec 18, 2019 Times of India


India has slipped four places to rank 112th globally in terms of gender gap amid widening disparity in terms of women’s health and survival and economic participation— the two areas where the country is now ranked in the bottom-fiveas per the an annual survey results shown on Tuesday.

While Iceland remains the world’s most gender-neutral country, India has moved down the ladder from its 108th position last year on the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Report to rank below countries like China (106th), Sri Lanka (102nd), Nepal (101st), Brazil (92nd), Indonesia (85th) and Bangladesh (50th). Yemen is ranked the worst (153rd), while Iraq is 152nd and Pakistan 151st.

Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF), an international organisation for public-private cooperation, said that this year’s improvement can largely be ascribed to a significant increase in the number of women participating in politics.

The political gender gap will take 95 years to close, compared to 107 years last year. Worldwide, women now hold 25.2% of parliamentary lower-house seats and 21.2 per cent of ministerial positions, compared to 24.1% and 19%, respectively last year.

However, the economic opportunity gap has worsened, widening to 257 years, compared to 202 years last year. The World Economic Forum had published its first gender gap report in 2006, when India was ranked relatively higher at 98th place.

Since then, India’s rank has worsened on three of four metrics, which are used for the overall ranking.

While India has improved to 18th place on political empowerment, it has slipped to 150th on health and survival, to 149th in terms of economic participation and opportunity and to 112th place for educational attainment. The WEF said economic opportunities for women are extremely limited in India (35.4%), Pakistan (32.7%), Yemen (27.3%), Syria (24.9%) and Iraq (22.7%). It also named India among countries with very low women representation on company boards (13.8%), while it was even worse in China (9.7%).

On health and survival, four large countries—Pakistan, India, Viet Nam and China— fare badly with millions of women there not getting the same access to health as men, the WEF said.

India ranks high on the political empowerment subindex, largely because the country was headed by a woman for 20 of the past 50 years. But, female political representation today is low as women make up only 14.4% of Parliament (122nd rank globally) and 23% of the cabinet (69th), the report said. PTI

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