This article has been extracted from
THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF INDIA , 1908.
OXFORD, AT THE CLARENDON PRESS.
Note: National, provincial and district boundaries have changed considerably since 1908. Typically, old states, ‘divisions’ and districts have been broken into smaller units, and many tahsils upgraded to districts. Some units have since been renamed. Therefore, this article is being posted mainly for its historical value.
Head-quarters of Tharrawaddy District, Lower Burma, situated in 17° 40 N. and 95° 48' E., on the Rangoon- Prome railway, 68 miles from Rangoon in a north-westerly direction. Population (1901), 1,693. Tharrawaddy may be regarded more or less as a suburb of the municipality of Thonze, 2 miles to the south, with which it is connected by road and railway. The Rangoon-Prome road passes through the town, which occupies a w-ell-wooded and com- pact area, but low-lying. It contains a hospital, the usual District head-quarters offices, the Forest school, the residences of the local officials, and some mission buildings. The roads are good and well lighted, the cost of lighting being met from the District cess fund. It is said to have been selected as the head-quarters on account of its good water-supply, after attempts to establish the District court first at Gyobingauk, and then at Kunhnitywa, had failed owing to bad water in those places. It is named after an ancient capital, which existed about 7 miles to the east of Gyobingauk, where traces of the moats and walls may still be seen.