Indian Penal Code: Theft
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Chapter XVII of the Indian Penal Code,1860
Offences Against Property
The relevant Sections of the IPC are
Punishment for theft
Theft in dwelling house, etc.
Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master
Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft
Punishment for extortion
Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion
Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt
Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion
Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc.
Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion
Punishment for robbery
Attempt to commit robbery
Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery
Punishment for dacoity
Dacoity with murder
Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt
Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon
Making preparation to commit dacoity
Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits
Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves
Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity
Dishonest misappropriation of property
Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by deceased person at the time of his death
Criminal breach of trust
Punishment for criminal breach of trust
Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc.
Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant
Criminal breach of trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent
Dishonestly receiving stolen property
Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity
Habitually dealing in stolen property
Assisting in concealment of stolen property
Section 379- Punishment for theft
Whoever commits theft shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both
Snatching: making it a non-bailable crime, with 10 years' RI
Haryana adds clauses 379A and 379B (snatching)
The Times of India, Oct 19 2015
10 yrs' RI for snatchers in Haryana
State Adds Two New Clauses to IPC section, makes snatching a non-bailable offence
Haryana has become the first Indian state to make snatching a crime that is punishable by a maximum of 10 years' rigorous imprisonment.
The state has got the President's approval to add two new clauses to Section 379 of the Indian Penal Code to strengthen the existing law.The new clauses have come into force from October 9.
By adding clauses 379A and 379B, the state government has officially defined snatching as a non-bailable crime. Trial in snatching such cases now be conducted in sessions courts, instead of judicial magistrate courts.
Section 379 of the IPC (theft) carries a maximum punishment of three years, or a fine, or both. According to 379A (snatching), a convict will be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term that is not less than five years but which may extend to 10 years, along with a fine of Rs 25,000. Section 379B (snatching and use of force) allows a convict to be punished with rigorous imprisonment not less than 10 years, which may extend to 14 years, with a fine of Rs 25,000.
There has been a rise in number of chain and pursesnatching cases in all main cities of Haryana, including Gurgaon and Faridabad.There have been cases where victims have been injured by criminals but police were not able to add harsher sections.Even sections related to robbery could not be added as it requires the presence of mo re than two criminals.
Till June 2015, 134 cases of snatching were repor ted from Gurgaon. Around 50% of cases, according to sources, have not been solved. The Haryana assembly had cleared the bill amending the law in July last year and was sent to the President for approval.
2001-17: Haryana more successful than, say, Delhi
Snatching cases in Delhi, 2001-17: and Haryana’s model
Delhi wants Haryana-type law
Officers Still Want Separate Law That Makes It A More Serious Offence
To check the increasing incidents of snatching in the capital, Delhi Police has created a new database of men who runs gangs involved in this crime and are booking them under MCOCA, the law enacted by Maharashtra to deal with organised crime.
Last year, Delhi police commissioner Amulya Patnaik had directed the creation of the database of members of organised snatching gangs who were nabbed but out on bail. DCP northeast Atul Kumar Thakur said the list had been created and was being expanded.
Sections 3 and 4 of MCOCA were recently invoked against Rashid Khan, 33, aka Shibu, by the Khajuri Khas police station in northeast Delhi, while Rinku, 35, alias Chholan, was similarly booked by Gokulpuri police station in the same district. Investigating officers said the pair ticked all the provisions required to be charged under the stringent Act with both being gang leaders actively involved in snatching, robberies and heinous crimes.
Khan, who came to Delhi in 2000 and began as a cycle mechanic, is so far involved in more than 25 cases ranging from snatching to attempt to murder. After initially working with local criminals active in northeast Delhi and the adjoining areas of Uttar Pradesh, Khan, a father of six, formed his own gang with his six brothers. Cops said the gang is bigger now. Investigations have unearthed the fact that Khan has as many as eight properties in Loni, including flats in housing complexes. Police suspect the gang of also running an extortion racket, targeting builders in particular.
Rinku is reported to be involved in more than 30 crimes across Delhi-NCR, including two murders and several cases of snatching and armed robberies. The investigators discovered that he now owns at least five properties. He is believed to have recently joined forces with another active Trans-Yamuna gangster to form an organised syndicate.
TOI has highlighted in earlier reports how the current legal provisions for easy bail thwart police from cracking down on snatchers. Delhi Police currently books snatchers under Section 379 of the Indian Penal Code for theft and Section 356 for assault or criminal force during theft.
Despite the creation of the database and the invocation of MCOCA, the cops in the capital continue to maintain that a better alternative is a new law — like the Sub-Sections A and B that Haryana has incorporated in the Section 379 of IPC dealing with punishment for theft — that makes snatching a more serious offence.
In 2014, Haryana made the criminal act a non-bailable offence punishable by up to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment. The law in Haryana now specifically defines a snatcher as “whoever with the intention to commit theft suddenly or quickly or forcibly seizes or secures or grabs or takes away from any person or from his possession any moveable property and makes attempts to escape with such property”.