Central universities: India

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Reservation of senior positions

As in 2022

August 9, 2022: The Times of India

New Delhi: Only one vicechancellor across all central universities in the country belongs to the SC community, one to ST community, while seven are from the OBC community, according to data shared by the ministry of education with Lok Sabha. The data also revealed that two registrars in central universities belong to the SC community, five to the ST community, and three to the OBC community.

Data from 45 central universities was shared by junior education minister Subhas Sarkar in Lok Sabha. As per data, till April 1, 1,306 out of 12,373 teachers in 45 central universities belong to SC community, 568 to ST, 1,740 to OBC and 8,386 are from general category.

Staff strength

2015, 2017- 22

Atul Thakur, Dec 17, 2022: The Times of India

Vacancies, including teaching vacancies, at central universities and the Indian institutes of technology, 2015, 2017- 22
From: Atul Thakur, Dec 17, 2022: The Times of India

The British started Indian School of Mines at Dhanbad almost a century ago, in 1926, to teach mining and applied geology. It is a crucial sector now when there is a global race for lithium, cobalt, iron, petroleum and other mineral resources. Although ISM Dhanbad has been ‘upgraded’ to an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), it is functioning with about 60% vacant faculty positions.

While the government’s recent reply to a parliamentary question shows that this is the state of affairs across India’s premier institutes of learning (IITs, IIMs and central universities, which are running with at least 30% faculty vacancies) a deeper analysis shows the IITs – cradles of India’s engineering talent – are especially hard-hit.

Overall, 40. 3% of teaching positions at the IITs were vacant in academic year 2021-22. And data posted by the IIT Council – the governing body responsible for running these institutes – shows how precarious the faculty situation is at individual centres.

Among 13 of the 23 IITs for which faculty data is available for the academic year 2021-22, IIT Dhanbad fared worst with 467 of its 781 sanctioned teaching positions staying vacant. 
Next up was IIT Kharagpur, which besides being the first IIT (founded in 1951) has trained famous executives like Alphabet’s Sundar Pichai and former RBI governor D Subbarao. In the academic year 2021-22 it operated with 49. 7% positions vacant. It has a sanctioned strength of 1,435 faculty members but was being run with 722 inposition faculty.

IIT (BHU) Varanasi – another illustrious institute where engineering courses were introduced in the 1920s – had to make do with 312 teachers, as against its sanctioned strength of 608 faculty positions, amounting to 48. 7% vacancies.

The 4th to 7th positions on this list are also held by some of the older IITs. IIT Kanpur operated with 46. 2% positions vacant, IIT Guwahati with 41. 8%, IIT Roorkee with 38. 6% and IIT Bombay with 37. 1%.

IIT Madras does not figure on this list, not because it is well-staffed but because its numbers for the academic year 2021-22 are not available. In academic year 2020-21, about 40% of its teaching positions were vacant.

From the original five IITs, only IIT Delhi seems to be well-staffed with more than 90% of its positions occupied in the year 2021-22. 
Data for the IITs at Goa, Madras, Gandhinagar, Jammu and Patna is available for the academic year 2020-21, and among them only IIT Patna employed 100% of its sanctioned faculty strength. For the remaining five IITs – Dharwad, Bhilai, Bhubaneswar, Tirupati and Jodhpur, faculty data is available only till the academic year 2019-20.

Analysis of the vacancies by social group shows the general category has the fewest vacancies. In central universities, 45. 1% of general category positions for professors were vacant, but the numbers shot up to 75. 2% for SC, 84. 7% for OBC, 87. 3% for ST, and more than 90% for EWS (economically weaker sections) and PWD (persons with disabilities) categories. A similar pattern is seen in vacancies for associate and assistant professors in the central universities and at the IIMs.


At the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM), vacancies add up to 31. 5% of sanctioned teaching positions, the number rises to 32. 6% in the central universities, while the IITs are collectively worse off with 40. 3% positions vacant. Data also shows that this high vacancy level has prevailed since at least 2015. Even more worrying than the ‘average’ vacancy level is the acute shortage of teachers at higher positions. In the central universities, for example, about 21% of positions at the assistant professor level are vacant. However, almost half of the associate professor positions (45%) remain unfilled. Further up, 60% of the posts for professors are vacant.
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