Census India 1931: The Population Problem in Baroda

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This article is an extract from


Report by

J. H. HUTTON, C.I.E., D.Sc., F.A.S.B.,

Corresponding Member of the Anthropologische Gesselschaft of Vienna.

Delhi: Manager of Publications


(Hutton was the Census Commissioner for India)

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The Population Problem in Baroda

Baroda State occupies 8,164 sq. miles in Gujarat and Kathiawar, but is not a compact whole, consisting, as it does, of four major and several minor disconnected areas, with a total population of 2,443,007 and a mean density of 299 per sq. mile. The population has increased by 14 .9% since 1921. The natural increase is estimated at 9. 4%, and the increase due to immigration was swollen by 26,755 persons who migrated from villages in adjoining British territory for political motives connected with the Non-co-operation movement. About the size of Wurttemberg both in area and in population, Baroda is the sixth largest of the Indian States though about sixteenth in area.


No epidemics visited the State during the decade, nor were there any calamities claiming a serious toll of lives, but the State suffered severely from floods, frost, locusts and poor seasons and at the end of the decade from the heavy fall in prices. Nevertheless co-operative societies rose in number from 509 in 1921 to 1,047 in 1931, their membership from 16,932 to 37,321 and their capital from 26 to 75 lakhs of rupees.

Occupied area increased from 3,780,000 acres to 3,920,000 and the number of permanent irrigation wells increased from 60,433 to 63,775. Medical relief continued to be expanded and child welfare and anti-malarial measures to occupy the State Sanitation Department.

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