Aurangabad Division

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This article has been extracted from



Note: National, provincial and district boundaries have changed considerably since 1908. Typically, old states, ‘divisions’ and districts have been broken into smaller units, units, and many tahsils upgraded to districts.Many units have since been renamed. Therefore, this article is being posted mainly for its historical value.

Aurangabad Division

North-western Division of the State of Hyderabad, lying between 18 28' and 20 40' N., and 74 40' and 7 8° 6' E. The head-quarters of the Subahdar (Commissioner) are at Aurangabad city. The total population of the Division increased from 2,610,247 in 1881 to 2,909,561 in 1891, but decreased to 2,363,114 in 1 90 1, owing to the drought and famine in the two preceding years. The total area is 19,071 square miles; and the density is 124 persons per square mile, compared with 135 for the whole State, this Division being the third largest in area and the fourth in population. In 1901 the population consisted of 89 per cent. Hindus, ro per cent. Musal- mans, 2,846 Christians (of whom 2,613 were natives), 12,477 jains 256 Parsls, 2,563 Sikhs, and 9,380 Animists.

The number of towns in the Division is 20, or about one-quarter of the total number in the Dominions, and there are 5,490 villages. The largest towns are Aurangabad City (population, 36,836 with cantonment) and Jalna (20,270 with cantonment). The chief places of commercial importance are Aurangabad, Jalna, Kadirabad, Nander, Bhir, Amba, and Parli. Aurangabad is notable as having been the head-quarters of Aurangzeb when he was viceroy of the Deccan. His tomb is at Khuldabad (Rauza), whither his body was conveyed after his death at Ahmadnagar in 1707. Khuldabad also contains the tombs of Malik Ambar, the famous minister of the Nizam Shahi kings of Ahmadnagar, and of Abul Hasan (Tana Shah), the last of the Kutb Shahi house, who was made prisoner by Aurangzeb in 1687.

The territorial changes made in 1905 materially affected two Districts in this Division, Parbhani and Nander. The following table shows the revised area, population, and land revenue of the four Districts now comprising the Division : —

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